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Best known for the wine, Gavi. The grape produces a light-bodied, crisp, well-balanced wine. From northwest Piedmont it produces soft, round, fruity wines fragrant with licorice and almonds. Freezing concentrates the sugars in the grapes prior to harvesting. Low in alcohol and relatively high in acidity, the wines are meant to be drunk soon after bottling; the ultimate example of this is Beaujolais Nouveau, whipped onto shelves everywhere almost overnight.

Types of Wine Grapes: A Dive Into 20 Popular Varieties

It is also grown in the Loire, but makes no remarkable wines. The Swiss grow it widely, for blending with Pinot Noir; they often chaptalize the wines. Used mainly for blending and the making of Rose and Blush Wines in California, while in France it is blended to make Chateauneuf-du-Pape. Originally from Spain is the second most widely grown grape in the world. It produces a fruity, spicy, medium-bodied wine. An aperitif from the Burgundy Region of France. To make Kir Royale, use champagne or sparkling wine. A fizzy, usually red, dry to sweet wine from northern Italy, made from the grape of the same name.

A blended German white, semisweet and fairly neutral, which accounts for up to 50 percent of all German wine exports. A fortified wine named for the island on which its grapes are grown. Once important in Bordeaux and the Loire in various blends, this not-very-hardy grape has been steadily replaced by Merlot and the two Cabernets. However, Argentina is markedly successful with this varietal. A distilled spirit made from pomace that is known by different names around the world. Dry and high in alcohol, typically an after dinner drink.

Made from Grillo, Catarratto, or Inzolia grapes, this Sicilian wine may be dry or sweet and is commonly used in cooking. A full-bodied, moderately intense wine with spice, pear and citrus notes. Common in medieval Europe, a wine made by fermenting honey and water. Wine makers now making flavored meads.

Grape Varietals

Registered in with the U. Meritage was chosen because it was a combination of two words, merit and heritage. To be called a meritage, the wine must: Blend two or more Bordeaux grape varieties: Be produced and bottled by a United States winery from grapes carrying a U. Be limited to a maximum of 25, cases produced per vintage. Takes well to Oak aging. It is frequently used as a blending wine with Cabernet to soften. A pleasing wine, of medium-weight, with spicy cherry and berry flavors and moderate tannins. A cross of two grapes, Sylvaner and Riesling.

Light in color, and can be dry to medium dry. Also known as Muscat Blanc and Muscat Canelli. With pronounced spice and floral notes it can also be used for blending. The great grape of Northern Italy, which excels there in Barolo and Barbaresco, strong, ageable wines. Mainly unsuccessful elsewhere, Nebbiolo also now has a small foothold in California. So far the wines are light and uncomplicated, bearing no resemblance to the Italian types.

Usually full-bodied with chewy tannins. Not related to the Syrah of France.

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Similar flavor and texture to Chardonnay it is used in Champagne, Burgundy, Alsace, Germany, Italy and California and can make a excellent wines. It can be intense, and complex, with ripe pear, spice, citrus and honey notes. At its best this varietal produces wines that are soft, perfumed with more color than most other white wines. Grown in the Champagne region of France, it is blended with Pinot Noir and Chardonnay to add fruit flavors to champagne.

This is the great, noble grape of Burgundy. Widely used in the making of champagne sparkling wines. A cross between Pinot Noir and Cinsault. Grown in South Africa. Fermented at higher temperatures and aged in new oak for finesse and wonderful berry flavors. Fortified wine from the Douro region of Portugal.


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Mostly sweet and red. Dry white Greek wine flavored with pine resin. Dating back to ancient Greece, it is an acquired taste. Dominant flavor is turpentine.

Types of Wine Grapes: A Dive Into 20 Popular Varieties

Styles range from dry to sweet. Any light pink wine, dry to sweet, made by removing the skins of red grapes early in the fermentation process or by mixing red and white. Sangiovese is used in many fine Italian wines including Chianti. In California it is often labeled Fume Blanc. New Zealand produces some of the finest Sauvignon Blancs in a markedly fruity style. It can make a wonderful late-harvest wine, with complex fig, pear, tobacco and honey notes.

As a blending wine it adds body, flavor and texture to Sauvignon Blanc. It may be blended with Chardonnay, but does not add much to the flavor.

Grape varieties

Fortified wine from the Jerez de la Frontera district in southern Spain. The 8 wines included in this article represent 6 of the 9 styles of wine. Trying all 8 wines will give you a good example of the potential range of flavors found in all wine. Each wine listed below also includes alternative varieties that taste similar. So, if you prefer a particular wine, you might also like its alternatives. Full-bodied Red Wine Description: Cabernet Sauvignon is a full-bodied red grape first heavily planted in the Bordeaux region.

Wines are full-bodied with bold tannins and a long persistent finish driven mostly by the higher levels of alcohol and tannin that often accompany these wines. Blueberry, plum, tobacco, meat, black pepper, violet Style: The wines have intense fruit flavors and middleweight tannins.


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  4. The wine often has an aggressively meaty beef broth, jerky quality. Medium-bodied to full-bodied Red Wine Description: Zinfandel aka Primitivo is a medium-bodied red wine that originated in Croatia. Wines are fruit-forward and spicy with a medium length finish. Very red fruited cherry, cranberry and red-floral rose , often with appealing vegetal notes of beet, rhubarb, or mushroom Style: Lighter-bodied Red Wine with higher acid and soft tannin Description: Pinot Noir is a dry light-bodied first widely planted in France. The wines always lead with higher acid and soft tannins.

    Medium to full-bodied white wine Description: Chardonnay is a dry full-bodied white wine that was planted in large quantities for the first time in France. When oak-aged, Chardonnay will have spicy, bourbon-y notes.


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    Unoaked wines are lighter and zesty with apple and citrus flavors. Chardonnay is the white grape of Burgundy. Aggressively-citrus-driven grapefruit pith , with some exotic fruits honeydew melon, passion fruit, kiwi and always an herbaceous quality grass, mint, green pepper Style: Light-bodied to medium-bodied white wine Description: Sauvignon Blanc is a dry white grape first widely planted in France.

    Wines are tart, typically with herbal green fruit flavors. Sauvignon Blanc is a parent grape of Cabernet Sauvignon.