The Key of Solomon (Clavicula Salomonis) edited by S. Liddell MacGregor Mathers
Writing varies from very neat and legible to scrawling. Only part of the second book of Clavicula Salomonis is represented. It shares many elements with Sl. It also lacks some of the Christian elements found in Sl. The Latin of Sl. It is not clear to me at this time why. Perhaps it is also an independent translation. Written by John Aubrey who noted: Sum Aubrey , May 9. The book from whence I transcribed this was writt by an Italian, and in a very good hand. In Latin and English. The wording of this is often identical with Ad.
The text is also fuller than in Ad. The text is rearranged in a more logical order. It is evident that the manuscript he was copying from preserved an earlier orthography, since he frequently preserves and is occasionally even seen to correct the older forms: For example, fol 81v he wrote "adiuro", then corrected it to "adjuro. Bodleian Library Michael MS. Bound with Hebrew MS. Prayers and conjurations are in Latin, but frequently exhibit simple mistakes e. There are other places where it seems to represent the original text more accurately than Aub. The text is much abbreviated compared with the other manuscripts.
Clavicula in Italian and Latin: Very carefully written and legible. British Library, Additional MS. Titled The Key of Knowledge. Mid- to lateth century. British Library, Sloane MS. Seems to be based solely on Ad. Dated , making it one of the earliest manuscripts of the Key of Solomon.
This manuscript also has strong Christian elements. Printed edition titled Clavicule of Solomon , quarto, pages. Cited by Waite, BCM, p. The manuscript dates to around It contains a large number of Greek such as Sabaoth , Latin, and Italian elements. Also has Christian elements, such as the use of a cross put in holy water fol.
It is probably as Scholem puts it a late adaptation of a 'Latin or rather Italian Clavicula text of the renaissance period' ibid p. British Library Oriental MS. Proved to be a continuation of Or. Bibliotheca Rosenthaliana in Amsterdam. Title reads Les Clavicules de Rabbi Salomon. Also mentioned by Waite, BCM p. This is another example of the Colorno class of manuscripts. This seems to be related to L This time the variation of the name is Tozgrec.
It also calls the quill knife "Arthame" and conflates it with the ritual knife. Titled Les vrais Talismans, pentacles, et cercles. Titled Zekerboni compare "Zecorbenei" in Ad. Also gives a version of the Seal of Solomon. Mentioned by Waite in BCM , p. Others BL Sloane A ff. As a colportage, this compact printed edition and its reprint by Blocquel ca. Waite relied on it primarily in his Book of Ceremonial Magic , and translated some passages there.
My new critical edition and translation is now available. Unfortunately it has no information whatever regarding the original text. It is not dependent on Mathers' edition, and seems to be closely related to Sl. This time the variation of the name is Foz Groec compare Tozgrec. It has no pentacles. It calls the quill knife "Arthame" p. De Laurence I cannot begin to convey my contempt for L. Besides taking credit for Mathers' work, he has made many alterations to the texts in order to promote his mail-order business.
As an example, he altered the spell in chapter 9 by inserting "after burning one-half teaspoonful of Temple Incense. In 15 cm , 96 p. I am especially interested in hearing of additional Latin and Italian manuscripts. I have omitted Mathers' diagrams from this e-text, since they are available in a low cost edition from Weiser ; I have however, supplied examples from various manuscripts for comparison purposes. The corrections to Mathers' translation are based on my research; these have all been documented in the footnotes. Some of the lists of mystical names are fairly arbitrary, but I have tried to show enough examples from multiple manuscripts in order to demonstrate the wide variability.
This variability makes it difficult to construct a more complete stemma with the manuscripts available to me. In keeping with all of the manuscripts, I have expanded the frequent lists of Psalms to include the opening words. Since different editions of the Psalms have different numbering schemes, this is less subject to misinterpretation. Finally, I have removed all of the material from L, since it does not belong to the Key of Solomon proper, and is available in its entirety -- and in context -- in a separate edition.
Unfortunately Mathers does nothing to elucidate or even acknowledge the puzzle. The order of the pentacles varies widely from manuscript to manuscript. The oldest manuscripts only identify some of them with the planets, and it is apparent that attempts have been made in later manuscripts to identify the rest with planets too, and to reorganize them accordingly.
Gollancz' Hebrew manuscript shows nine pentacles in a section titled "Concerning the sanctity of the nine Kandariri talismans , revealed unto King Solomon " 48aa. Perhaps these are the nine mentioned in the text where the spirits are conjured "by the nine medals or pentacles which we have among our symbols. There is a series of 24 pentacles in the Greek manuscript ; they are reminiscent of those in Gollancz, but by no means identical.
Some of the pentacles found in the manuscripts used by Mathers are also reminiscent of the Greek and Hebrew ones, but many are clearly late inventions based on Agrippa, Archidoxes , and other sources. Mathers seems to have narrowed those in his edition to exclude most of these clearly later ones.
To give some sense of the state of these pentacles I have included many examples in my editions of L and L The Greek manuscripts seem to only have a single knife. Some of the proliferation of weapons is no doubt due to errors in transcription and translation. Although it is mentioned in one of the conjurations, its construction and use is not otherwise mentioned.
Another curiosity involves the magical wand. Although prominent in most Clavicula manuscripts -- not to mention folk literature and the Greek Magical Papyri -- it is conspicuously absent from the Greek, Hebrew , and English manuscripts. Planetary hours Table 2: Magical names of the Hours and Angels Table 3: Concerning the divine love which ought to precede the acquisition of this knowledge 2. Of the days, hours, and virtues of the planets 3. Concerning the arts; construction of the circle 4.
Prayer and conjurations 6. Stronger and more potent conjuration 7. An extremely powerful conjuration 8. Concerning the pentacles 9. Experiment concerning things stolen Experiment of invisibility Experiment of love, and how it should be performed omitted by Mathers Experiment or operation of the fruit omitted by Mathers The operation of love by her dreams, and how one must practice it omitted by Mathers Experiments to be made regarding hatred omitted by Mathers Operations of mockery and scorn Extraordinary experiments and operations Concerning the Fasting, Care, and Things to be Observed 5.
Of the knifes, sword, quill knife, iron pen, short lance, wand, staff, and other instruments of magical art 9. Of the formation of the circle Concerning incense, suffumigations, perfumes, odours, and similar things which are used in magical arts Of the water, and of the hyssop Of the light, and of the fire Concerning the precepts of the art Of the pen, ink, and colours Of the pen of the swallow and of the dove Of the blood of the bat, pigeon, and other animals Of virgin parchment, or virgin paper, and how it should be prepared Of wax and virgin earth Concerning the needle and other iron instruments Concerning the silken cloth Concerning astrological images Concerning sacrifices to the spirits, and how they should be made Fragment from Eliphaz Levi Qabalistic invocation of Solomon from Eliphaz Levi PREFACE In presenting this celebrated magical work to the student of occult science some few prefatory remarks are necessary.
The Key of Solomon , save for a curtailed and incomplete copy published in France in the seventeenth century, has never yet been printed, but has for centuries remained in manuscript form inaccessible to all but the few fortunate scholars to whom the inmost recesses of the great libraries were open. I therefore consider that I am highly honored in being the individual to whose lot it has fallen to usher it into the light of day. I see no reason to doubt the tradition which assigns the authorship of the 'Key' to King Solomon, for among others Josephus, the Jewish historian, especially mentions the magical works attributed to that monarch; this is confirmed by many Eastern traditions, and his magical skill is frequently mentioned in the Arabian Nights.
There are, however, two works on black magic, the Grimorium Verum , and the Clavicola di Salomone ridolta , which have been attributed to Solomon, and which have been in some cases especially mixed up with the present work; but which have nothing really to do therewith; they are full of evil magic, and I cannot caution the practical student too strongly against them.
There is also another work called Lemegeton or the Lesser Key of Solomon the King , which is full of seals of various spirits, and is not the same as the present book, though extremely valuable in its own department. In editing this volume I have omitted one or two experiments partaking largely of black magic, and which had evidently been derived from the two goetic works mentioned above; I must further caution the practical worker against the use of blood; the prayer, the pentacle, and the perfumes, rightly used, are sufficient; and the former verges dangerously on the evil path.
Let him who, in spite of the warnings of this volume, determines to work evil, be assured that evil will recoil on himself and that he will be struck by the reflex current. This work is edited from several ancient MSS. But it is in the pentacles that the Hebrew is worse, the letters being so vilely scribbled as to he actually undecipherable in some instances, and it has been part of my work for several years to correct and reinstate the proper Hebrew and magical characters in the pentacles.
The student may therefore safely rely on their being now as nearly correct in their present reproduction as it is possible for them to be. I have therefore, wherever I could, corrected the Hebrew of the magical names in the conjurations and pentacles; and in the few instances where it was not possible to do so, I have put them in the most usual form; carefully collating throughout one MS. The chapters are a little differently classed in the various MSS. I have added notes wherever necessary. Of all these 10, Add. The British Library catalogue entry lists this as 17th century.
Harley is probably eighteenth century. It is more concise in its wording. Its title is short, being simply 'The Key of Solomon, translated from the Hebrew language into the Latin. The signature appears to read 'Ibau Abraham. Figure 93, from Ad. They are all in French. The conjurations and wording of these are much fuller than in 10, Add. The pentacles are badly drawn. It, however, gives part of the introduction to 10, Add.
It is more concise in style, but omits several chapters. At the end are some short extracts from the Grimorium Verum with the seals of evil spirits, which, as they do not belong to the Key of Solomon proper, I have not given. For the evident classification of the 'Key' is in two books and no more. Though containing similar matter to the others, the arrangement is utterly different; being all in one book, and not even divided into chapters. Mathers probably had in mind the great Sephardic scholar 'Ibn Ezra author of the Sefer Hashem. The attribution would of course have to be pseudepigraphic, since Abognazar is heavily dependant on late sources.
Where Psalms are referred to I have in all instances given the English and not the Hebrew numbering of them. I may remark that the magical sword may, in many cases, be used instead of the Knife. In conclusion I will only mention, for the benefit of non-Hebraists, that Hebrew is written from right to left, and that from the consonantal nature of the Hebrew Alphabet, it will require fewer letters than in English to express the same word.
I take this opportunity of expressing my obligations to Dr. Wynn Westcott for the valuable assistance he has given me in the reconstruction of the Hebrew pentacles. Figure 3, from Ad. Figure 13, from M Figure 14, from M Figure 15, from Kings , fol. Figure 16, from M Figure 17, from K, fol.
Figure 18, from M Figure 19, from M Figure 20, from M Figure 21, from M Figure 22, from M Figure 23, from M Figure 24, from M Figure 25, from L, pg. Figure 26, from Harl. Figure 27, from Sl. Figure 28, from Sl. Figure 29, from Aub24, fol. Figure 30, Aub24, fol. Figure 31, Aub24, fol. Figure 32, from Sl. Figure 33, from L, pg. Figure 34, from L, pg. Figure 35, from Aub24, fol. Figure 36, from Aub.
Figure 37, from Sl. Figure 38, from Aub24, fol. Figure 39, from Sl. Figure 40, from Sl. Figure 41, from Sl. Figure 42, from L, pg. Figure 43, from Sl. Figure 44, from Sl. Figure 45, from Sl. Figure 46, from Kings , fol. Figure 47, from Sl.
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Figure 48, from Sl. Figure 49, from Sl. Figure 50, from Sl.
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Figure 51, from Sl. Figure 52, from Sl. Figure 53, from Sl. Figure 54, from Kings Twilit Grotto -- Esoteric Archives. Clavicula Salomonis filii David. London, Wellcome Institute MS. I cannot begin to convey my contempt for L. Of the light, and of the fire. Concerning sacrifices to the spirits, and how they should be made Fragment from Eliphaz Levi Qabalistic invocation of Solomon from Eliphaz Levi. This introduction is also found in Sl. Mathers inserts the Preliminary Discourse from L before this. Treasure up, O my son Roboam! Then answered Roboam, and said: How have I deserved to follow the example of my father Solomon in such things, who hath been found worthy to receive the knowledge of all living things through the teaching of an angel of God?
INTRODUCTION by Joseph H. Peterson.
Hear, O my son, and receive my sayings, and learn the wonders of God. For, on a certain night, when I laid me down to sleep, I called upon that most holy name of God, IAH, and prayed for the ineffable wisdom, and when I was beginning to close mine eyes, the angel of the Lord, even Homadiel, 2 appeared unto me, spake many things courteously unto me, and said: Thus saith the Lord: According to thy word have I given unto thee a wise and understanding heart, so that before thee was none like unto thee, nor ever shall arise.
And when I comprehended the speech which was made unto me, I understood that in me was the knowledge of all creatures, both things which are in the heavens and things which are beneath the heavens; and I saw that all the writings and wisdom of this present age were vain and futile, and that no man was perfect. And I composed a certain work wherein I rehearsed the secret of secrets, in which I have preserved them hidden, and I have also therein concealed all secrets whatsoever of magical arts of any masters; any secret or experiments, namely, of these sciences which is in any way worth being accomplished.
Also I have written them in this Key, so that like as a key openeth a treasure-house, so this Key alone may open the knowledge and understanding of magical arts and sciences. Therefore, O my son! Therefore, O my son Roboam, I command thee by the blessing which thou expectest from thy father, that thou shall make an ivory casket, and therein place, keep, and hide this my Key; and when I shall have passed away unto my fathers, I entreat thee to place the same in my sepulchre beside me, lest at another time it might fall into the hands of the wicked.
And as Solomon commanded, so was it done. And when, therefore men had waited for a long time, there came unto the sepulchre certain Babylonian philosophers; and when they had assembled they at once took counsel together that a certain number of men should renew the sepulchre in his Solomon's honour; and when the sepulchre was dug out and repaired the ivory casket was discovered, and therein was the Key of Secrets, which they took with joyful mind, and when they had opened it none among them could understand it on account of the obscurity of the words and their occult arrangement, and the hidden character of the sense and knowledge, for they were not worthy to possess this treasure.
Unless we shall come and ask the interpretation from the Lord, with tears and entreaties, we shall never arrive at the knowledge of it. I think this is correct, but the name is very indistinctly written in the MS. In another copy of the Clavicle it is written Iroe Grecis, but I think this is an error. What have I deserved above others , seeing that so many men can neither understand nor interpret this knowledge, even though there were no secret thing in nature which the Lord hath hidden from me! Wherefore are these words so obscure? Wherefore am I so ignorant?
And then on his bended knees, stretching his hands to heaven, he said: O God, the creator of all, thou who knowest all things, who gavest so great wisdom unto Solomon the son of David the king; grant unto me, I beseech thee, O holy omnipotent and ineffable Father, to receive the virtue of that wisdom, so that I may become worthy by thine aid to attain unto the understanding of this key of secrets. And immediately there appeared unto me, 5 the angel of the Lord, saying:.
Do thou remember if the secrets of Solomon appear hidden and obscure unto thee, that the Lord hath wished it, so that such wisdom may not fall into the hands of wicked men; wherefore do thou promise unto me, that thou art not willing that so great wisdom should ever come to any living creature, and that which thou revealest unto any let them know that they must keep it unto themselves, otherwise the secrets are profaned and no effect can follow? I promise unto thee that to none will I reveal them , save to the honour of the Lord, and with much discipline, unto penitent, secret, and faithful persons.
Then answered the angel: Go and read the Key, and its words which were obscure throughout shall be manifest unto thee. And after this the angel ascended into Heaven in a flame of fire. I conjure him into whose hands this secret may come, by the power of the creator, and his wisdom, that in all things he may, desire, intend and perform, that this treasure may come unto no unworthy person , nor may he manifest it unto any who is unwise, nor unto one who feareth not God.
Because if he act otherwise, I pray God that he may never be worthy to attain unto the desired effect. And so he deposited the Key, which Solomon preserved, in the ivory casket. But the words of the Key are as follows, divided into two books, and shown in order. Mathers inserts the Introduction from L at this point. The first of these tables is found in the Zecorbeni manuscript bound with Ad. The second table -- names of the hours -- is found in L p. They are to be used thus: On consulting the 'Table of the Magical names of the Hours,' etc.
Further, on referring to the third Table he will see that Tuesday is under the rule of the planet Mars, whose Archangel is Khamael, angel Zamael, metal iron, and Colour Red. Similarly it will be found that the hour from 10 to 11 p. The ensuing text is taken from the following MSS.
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Extracts have also been made from Lansdowne MSS. I have also, wherever it was possible to do so, corrected the Hebrew names in the incantations, for these were in some cases so marred as to be hardly recognisable; e. Zenard , written for Tzabaoth , etc. Solomon, the son of David, King of Israel, hath said that the beginning of our Key is to fear God, to adore him, to honour him with contrition of heart, to invoke him 1 in all matters which we wish to undertake, and to operate with very great devotion, for thus God will lead us in the right way.
When, therefore, thou shalt wish to acquire the knowledge of magical arts and sciences, it is necessary to have prepared the order of hours and of days, and of the position of the Moon, without the operation of which thou canst effect nothing; but if thou observest them with diligence thou mayest easily and thoroughly arrive at the effect and end which thou desirest to attain.
When 1 thou wishest to make any experiment or operation, thou must first prepare, beforehand, all the requisites which thou wilt find described in the following chapters: This first paragraph is omitted in Sloane MSS. It is, therefore, advisable to know that the hours of the day and of the night together, are twenty-four in number, and that each hour is governed by one of the seven planets in regular order, commencing at the highest and descending to the lowest.
The order of the planets is as follows: It must, therefore, be understood that the planets have their dominion over the day which approacheth nearest unto the name which is given and attributed unto them -- viz. The concluding part of this sentence is from L K, H, and Sl end the sentence with "et ainsi des autres" and similarly for the others. The rule of the planets over each hour begins from the dawn at the rising of the Sun on the day which take its name from such planet, and the planet which follows it in order, succeeds to the rule over the next hour.
Thus on Saturday Saturn rules the first hour, Jupiter the second, Mars the third, the Sun the fourth, Venus the fifth, Mercury the sixth, the Moon the seventh, and Saturn returns in the rule over the eighth, and the others in their turn, 3 the planets always keeping the same relative order. The work is traditionally divided into two books detailing the Key of King Solomon. Book One explains the operation of conjurations, curses, spells and other magical works.
Book Two instructs the practitioner on the proper attire, purification rituals and other means of obtaining the goals of the Goetia. Between these two books is the list of plates that contain numerous illustrations and secret seals of Solomon, including the Mystical Seal of Solomon, the Pentacles of Solomon, and the Mystical Alphabet, which impart the mechanisms and requirements for the invocation of spirits and demons. As a modern grimoire, the Lesser Key of Solomon has seen several editions with various authors and editors taking liberty to edit and translate the ancient writings and source material.
He was followed by Mathers and Crowley in who published The Goetia: The Lesser Key of Solomon. The original editor was a G. Crowley was then asked to step in and finish what the previous author had begun. The manuscripts from which this work was discovered date from the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries. All were written in Greek. This dating makes most experts believe that the work is medieval. But some scholars, including D. Duling, argue that it is likely that the work comes from the 5th or 6th centuries. Homiles on the Gospel of St. John and the Epistle to the Hebrews. Three Homilies on the Power of Satan.
The Didache Multiple Translations. The Book of Enoch. The Christian Book of Mystical Verses. The Book of Enoch Prophet. The Book of Common Prayer. The Epic of Gilgamish. The Wisdom of the Kabbalah. The Demonology of King James I: Of Occult Philosophy or Magic. True Devotion to Mary. A Complete System of Occult Philosophy. The Complete Book of Enoch: Bible Stories and Religious Classics. The Spiritual Exercises of St. Spurgeon Devotions from Psalms and Proverbs. Adapa's Treatise on Sumerian Religion. Adapa of the The Twin Rivers Rising.
The Dialogue of St. The Four Last Things. Modernised The Ancren Riwle. Aradia, or The Gospel of The Witches. This book will give the reader the true knowledge related to our Infinite Brahmanda [Universe], as these Words of wisdom will radiate the Conscious energy of the reader to expand through transmutation and thus liberate Oneself from the material bondage.
Brahmandic Gyanum Universal Knowledge. Although the science and technology has much advanced in the last few hundred years, which all humanity of planet earth has willingly accepted with open arms, the indwelling personality nature of the evolving human beings have continued their age old selfish nature based on prejudice, due to their unwilling to give up age old beliefs and established orders, which is unfortunately an attribute of so called false pride, which is due to their polarization of evolving consciousness in the emotional plane of feelings and desires known as the Astral Plane [Kama Manas].