Pleitbezorgers als Thomas A. Dorsey zorgden ervoor dat gospel alsnog werd omarmd door de kerk. Vanuit de Verenigde Staten werd gospel uiteindelijk over de hele wereld verspreid. Vooral de gospelkoren in Afrika ontwikkelen een uniek geluid. Dat was een overkoepelende term voor alle muziek van Afro-Amerikaanse origine. Artiest Aretha Franklin Aretha Franklin Mavis Staples Aretha Franklin is een van de belangrijkste en meest invloedrijke soulzangeressen van de twintigste eeuw.
De dochter van de beroemde dominee C. Franklin begon in de jaren vijftig als tiener met het zingen van gospels in haar geboortestad Memphis.
Later zong ze ook jazz en pop. Ze werd pas werkelijk populair in de jaren zestig met een aantal opvallende rhythm-and-blueshits op het Atlantic-label. Franklins krachtige en emotionele stem raakt feilloos het hart van de luisteraar. In de top 10 van beste zangeressen van de twintigste eeuw mag Aretha Franklin niet ontbreken.
Luisteraars van dit album luisteren ook naar Great women of gospel ; vol. Live at Carnegie Hall. Wade in the water ; vol.
Yes Lord - Saints in praise. West Angeles Church of God in Songs for the soul ; vol. Live at Fillmore West. The gospel songs of Bob Dylan. Now they have begun clearing cupboards and packing possessions ahead of moving to smaller premises once they find a buyer for their rambling, bedroom building. A Christmas special will be followed by series five, which is aired in January. The religious community Hoverd joined at the age of 21 was established in as a nursing sisterhood, whose members worked alongside Florence Nightingale in the Crimean war.
Packing Up, Getting Ready to Go
For the last 12 years of her working life, she was employed by the NHS. In the s, the community relocated to Alum Rock, a rundown district of Birmingham, when faced with a steep increase in rent on their east London home. But now that the full-time members of the community have dwindled to five, it has become unmanageable.
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We realised we have been sailing very close to the wind. The nuns have no financial help from the Diocese of Birmingham. The Ward Singers began touring nationally in , following a memorable appearance at the National Baptist Convention held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, earlier that year.
Clara Ward - Wikipedia
Waddy brought to the group a "rougher" alto sound and the enthusiastic stage manners learned from her South Carolina church background. The group's performance style, such as the mimed packing of suitcases as part of the song "Packin' Up", condemned by some gospel music purists as "clowning", was wildly popular with their audiences. The addition of Marion Williams, who arose of the Miami, Florida Pentecostal tradition brought to the group a powerful singer with a preternaturally broad range, able to reach the highest registers of the soprano range without losing either purity or volume, with the added ability to descend "growling low notes" in the style of a country preacher.
Williams' singing style helped make the group nationally popular when they began recording in In , the Ward Singers toured from Philadelphia to California in their new Cadillac, appeared on national television programs, and recorded for the Miltone Record Company of Los Angeles.
Gertrude Ward created a booking agency for gospel acts, sponsored tours under the name "The Ward Gospel Cavalcade", established a publishing house for gospel music, and wrote an instructional manual for churches, detailing how to promote gospel programs. Although as musical director of the Ward franchise, Clara was willing to share the spotlight with her talented co-singers, she and her mother were allegedly reticent about sharing the group's financial rewards with other members, as well. According to Willa Ward's biography of Clara Ward, with the exception of Gertrude and Clara, Willa and other members of the group were grossly underpaid.
In addition, their meager earnings were further reduced as Gertrude and Clara provided the group's housing and charged them for it.
Accordingly, stars such as Marion Williams and Frances Steadman not only had to accept second billing and lesser pay for their work, but pay their employers rent out of their earnings. Williams left the group in , when her demand for a raise and reimbursement for hotel expenses was rejected.
Their departure marked the end of the glory days for the Ward Singers, who later alienated much of their churchgoing audience by performing in Las Vegas, nightclubs, and other secular venues in the s.
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In , Clara Ward was the second gospel singer to sing gospel songs on Broadway in Langston Hughes' play Tambourines To Glory The first being her former group members, which were known as the Stars of Faith, which starred Langston Hughes in the first Gospel stage play and first play that featured an all black cast to be produced on Broadway, The Black Nativity. She was also the play's musical director. Ward was the first gospel singer to sing with a piece symphony orchestra in the s.
Ward sang backup for pop artists with her sister Willa's background group, most notably on Dee Dee Sharp 's hit, "Mashed Potato Time", which reached 2 on the Billboard Hot in The album was later reissued on the Capitol's budget Pickwick label minus one track. In the same year, she recorded an album in Copenhagen, Denmark on the Philips label, Walk A Mile In My Shoes , which included the pop title song, other pop songs such as "California Dreaming" and a few gospel songs. Also in Ward, because she was under exclusive contract to United Artists at this time, provided vocals for a Canned Heat 's album The New Age , on the ballad "Lookin' For My Rainbow"; it was released on that album and as a single 45 rpm record.