Field and laboratory exercises will investigate questions concerning habitat, populations, and communities. Weekend field trips may be taken. A survey of the discovery and application of molecular biology as a core component in areas of research such as human genetics, medical biology, cellular biology and biotechnology.
Draws upon examples of current research, including case studies and articles from the primary literature. Philosophical basis of evolutionary theory. Detailed examination of genetic variation, mechanisms of evolutionary change, adaptation, speciation, and phylogeny. Showcases scientific advances made by local biologists from academia, government agencies, and private organizations who conduct research that intersects with societal issues and needs.
Offers social opportunities to develop networks with these researchers and gain career advice in a variety of fields and institutions. Upon completing this course, students will understand how biological concepts, theory, and practice link to policy and how to communicate science to the public through outreach activities. Use of molecular genetic markers to study ecological phenomena e.
Emphasis on a hypothesis-testing approach. Appropriateness of particular molecular techniques to specific research questions.
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Medically important bacteria, rickettsia, and chlamydia are surveyed with emphasis on their pathogenicity, host-parasite relationships, and the clinical and diagnostic aspects of the diseases they produce in humans and animals. Study of animal parasites with emphasis on those of man and his domestic animals. Lectures cover general biology, life history, structure, function, distribution, and significance of parasites. Laboratory provides experience in identification and detection. Explores parasitic, commensalistic, and mutualistic relationships among different organisms.
The diversity, evolution, and ecology of symbioses will be analyzed through discussion of primary research articles. Students will lead discussion sessions and prepare a mini-review essay. Microbial physiology is the study of structure and function in microbial cells, biosynthesis of macromolecule precursors and their assembly into macromolecules, growth dynamics, integration of metabolic pathways at the level of gene expression and enzymatic activity, and responses to environmental changes.
Experimental methodologies will be focused on various applications of microbial physiology. Focuses on the relationships among and biogeochemical role of microorganisms in natural communities. Course topics are structured to demonstrate the linkages between microbial ecology, diversity, and evolution; ecological interactions and ecosystem processes catalyzed by microorganisms; and understanding the role of microbial metabolism in controlling elemental cycling on local to global scales.
Principles of host defense mechanisms, cells and tissues of the immune system, lymphocyte development, antigen receptors and antibodies, antigen processing and presentation, biology of cytokines, pathogenesis of immune disorders, and related topics. An introduction to the field of conservation biology, the applied science concerned with understanding the effects of human activities on natural biological systems and with developing practical approaches to prevent the loss of biodiversity.
Topics covered will include conservation genetics, demographic analysis, habitat degradation, over exploitation, and restoration ecology. Discussion of the social, political, and economic aspects of conservation biology. Labs will focus on sensory techniques and experimental design. Life history evolution, insect-plant interactions, predation and parasitism, reproduction, insect societies, chemical ecology, biodiversity and pest management.
The biology and ecology of flowing waters is emphasized; their biota, management, and ecology at both the community and ecosystem level will be discussed. Basic pharmacological principles including mechanisms of drug action in relation both to drug-receptor interactions and to the operation of physiological and biochemical systems. Pharmacokinetics, metabolism, receptor theory and an examination of major classes of therapeutic agents used in humans.
Cell Chemistry and Physiology: Part II
Focuses on the evolutionary significance of animal behavior in relation to the ecology of the organisms. Using theoretical background and recent empirical evidence, mating systems, foraging, parental care, selfishness and altruism, competition, territoriality, and other behavioral patterns will be assessed in relation to the survival and reproduction of animals.
Integrative approach to managing game and non-game populations and habitat. Tools to determine population status, strategies to increase or decrease populations, implementing monitoring programs. Current quantitative approaches within context of the ecosystem-based view of wildlife and habitat management. Integrated study of biotic and abiotic components of ecosystems and their interactions. With emphasis on current topics such as global climate change, land-use change and species invasions.
Biology (BIOL) Courses
General and molecular principles of mammalian toxicology including toxicant disposition, mechanisms of toxicity, target organ toxicity, and major classes of toxic agents. A treatment of the basic biology of cancer and the process of tumor progression. Topics examined will include oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes, and the causes of cancer. Discussion of the history, safety, epidemiology, molecular biology and immunology of vaccines. Development of the next generation of vaccines to combat infectious disease of global importance, such as HIV, malaria and tuberculosis, also will be discussed.
Practical training in bioinformatics methods: Analysis and interpretation of biological evidence in forensic contexts. Topics include entomology, botany, fingerprints, toxicology, DNA, pathology, anthropology and odontology. A fusion of biology, computer science, and mathematics to answer biological questions. Topics include analyzing eukaryotic, bacterial, and viral genes and genomes; locating genes in genomes and identifying their biological functions; predicting regulatory sites; assessing gene and genome evolution; and analyzing gene expression data.
Germ cell development, comparative patterns of cleavage and gastrulation, neurulation and induction, and development of human organ systems with emphasis on molecular and cellular mechanisms. Application of molecular and cellular methods to current topics in developmental biology. Analysis of current literature in biology with emphasis on the coordinated regulation of gene expression, cellular differentiation and migration.
The course will include 1 basic aspects of mass spectrometry and most common instruments used in biological research, 2 current approaches in mass spectrometry-based qualitative and quantitative proteomics, 3 basic aspects of mass spectrometry-based metabolomics, and 4 imaging mass spectrometry.
Students will gain hands-on experience with advanced histology techniques and methodologies. An exploration of the current primary literature in aquatic biology. Topics vary, and may include community dynamics of algae, fish, zooplankton, and benthic invertebrates; trophic relationships; stream and reservoir management; primary and secondary production; organic matter and nutrient dynamics; and wetland ecology.
Biology (BIOL) Courses - Undergraduate Catalogs
Exploration of current animal behavior and behavioral ecology literature through group discussion and presentations. Topics vary and may include animal mating systems, foraging, group living, behavioral endocrinology, conservation and wildlife management related to behavior, behavioral genetics, dispersal, orientation and migration, neurobiology of behavior, and others. Biology 31 or equivalent course completed with a grade of "C" or higher.
Biology 4 or 6 and Chemistry 1A or equivalent and Mathematics 55 or equivalent all completed with a grade of "C" or higher. Intended for biological sciences majors. BIOL 4 - principles of animal biology and evolution 4 units Principles of the diversity, structure and function of heterotrophic organisms—animals, protists, and fungi with emphasis on homeostasis, development, phylogeny, and taxonomy. Principles of evolution, evolutionary history, and population genetics.
Mathematics 55 or equivalent and Biology 6 or Chemistry 1A all completed with a grade of "C" or higher. BIOL 6 - principles of plant biology and ecology 4 units Principles of the diversity, structure and function of plants, autotrophic protists, and bacteria with emphasis on cell reproduction, alternation of generations, plant morphology and anatomy, homeostasis, development, phylogeny, taxonomy, and systematics. Principles of ecology including conservation biology.
Mathematics 55 or equivalent completed with a grade of "C" or higher. BIOL 31 - introduction to college biology 4 units Basic principles of biology. Cell structure and function, cell division, cell metabolism, reproduction, genetics, taxonomy, origin of life, and evolution.
- History of biology.
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Laboratory emphasis on developing various laboratory skills, using the metric system, collecting data, graphing, interpreting data, and preparing for and taking laboratory exams. Designed to prepare the necessary concepts and laboratory skills and experience that are needed to succeed in more advanced courses in biology. Geared towards Allied Health students. Mathematics 65 or 65A and eligibility for English 1A. MICR 1 - microbiology 5 units Bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and viruses with an emphasis on their relationship to humans and disease.
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Cultivation, control, metabolism, body's defenses against disease, microbial genetics, laboratory tests, and contemporary infectious diseases. Methods used in the laboratory include staining, investigation, cultivation, identification of unknowns, and sensitivity testing. Anatomy 1, eligibility for English 1A. PHSI 1 - human physiology 5 units Cellular and systemic body functions. Emphasis placed on physico- and electro-chemical and clinical methods, collection and analysis of data, extrapolations and conclusions. Working models, including human responses, computer simulations are studied.
Chemistry 30A and Anatomy 1 both completed with a grade of "C" or higher. Chemistry 30B, eligibility for English 1A. BIOL 10 - introduction to the science of biology 4 units Basic principles of biology, cell biology, and genetics, with the nature of living things, and the nature of scientific investigation and its bioethical impact in our modern world. Designed for non-majors in biology or the biomedical sciences. BIOL 25 - human heredity and evolution 3 units Fundamental concepts underlying heredity and evolution with a focus on the human species. Includes cell division, reproduction, molecular genetics, inheritance, population genetics, and evolution.