Guide The ABC of Communist Anarchism

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Works published in would have had to renew their copyright in either or , i. As it was not renewed, it entered the public domain on 1 January This work is in the public domain in countries where the copyright term is the author's life plus 70 years or less. First published in the United states. Later published under the title What Is Communist Anarchism? A British edition was published in by Freedom Press in London.

Since then, the book has been reprinted many times. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

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Anarchy Anti-authoritarianism Anti-capitalism Anti-statism Proletarian internationalism Class consciousness Class struggle Classless society Common ownership Common resources Commune Consensus democracy Co-operative economics Direct democracy Egalitarian community Free association Free store " From each according to his ability, to each according to his need ". Prefigurative politics Primitive communism Stateless communism Stateless society Workers' control Worker cooperative Workers' council Wage slavery.

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Insurrectionary anarchism Platformism Synthesis federations. Affinity group Anarcho-syndicalism Synthesis anarchism Platformism. Bonanno John Zerzan Bob Black. Retrieved from " https: Pages to import images to Wikidata Articles containing Spanish-language text. Views Read Edit View history. Wajar, selama ini anarkisme sering diasosiasikan dengan tindakan kekerasan, pengrusakan, bom molotov, dan tindakan-tindakan kriminal lainnya.

Padahal itu namanya kriminalisme atau vandalisme, bukan anarkisme. Terutama media massa sering menggunakan kata anarkis sebagai padanan untuk aksi yang awut-awutan, bar-bar, tidak teratur, uwuh, dan biang kerusuhan. Opini media massa itu kemudian dianggap sebagai kebenaran oleh masyarak Di sini Alexander Berkman menangkis anggapan miring tentang anarkisme. Opini media massa itu kemudian dianggap sebagai kebenaran oleh masyarakat awam. Anarkisme sebenarnya adalah pandangan politik dan filosofis yang menolak adanya pemerintah.

Sebab, pemerintah merupakan biang keladi penindasan dan selalu membela kepentingan kelas borjuis. Seorang anarkis mengganggap masyarakat mampu mengatur dirinya sendiri dengan mengandalkan akal pikiran. Anarkisme menolak birokrasi dan lembaga serupa yang memiliki sifat memaksa atau melanggengkan ideologi kelas borjuis yang menindas.

Selain menangkis anggapan miring tentang anarkisme, Berkman juga menjelaskan ragam anarkisme. Macam-macam anarkisme; anarko-sindikalis, anarko-pasifis, anarko-feminis, anarko-kapitalis, anarko-individualis, dan lain-lain.

The ABC of Anarchism | AK Press

Revolusi atau konfrontasi langsung tidak dapat dihindari dan mau-tidak-mau merupakan jalan satu-satunya menghilangkan kelas yang menindas itu. Jika serangan atau konfrontasi langsung terjadi, biasanya menyasar simbol-simbol kelas-kelas penindas. Prinsip-prinsip kolektif dan menguntungkan antar pekerja menjadi yang utama. Ya, tentu saja tidak ada pemimpin atau bos di situ. Apakah anarkisme dapat terwujud?

What Is Communist Anarchism?

Dalam skala mikro, misalnya komunitas seni, pecinta alam, suporter bola, dan lain-lain, prinsip-prinsip anarkisme dapat diwujudkan. Saya masih kesulitan membayangkan negara hilang. Akan membutuhkan waktu yang sangat lama dan upaya yang besar untuk itu, misalnya membangun jaringan solidaritas antaranarkis seluruh dunia. Atau sesekali memanfaatkan peluang alias momentum gonjang-ganjing pemerintahan. Buku ini sangat tepat menjadi pengantar untuk memahami anarkisme. I recall one of my anarchist comrades saying she wasn't too impressed with it, that the "translation" was bad although it was written in English, but she may have meant that Berkman's English wasn't good enough.

I thought it was good enough as an introduction, and I still do, although I admit that Berkman does not break a lot of new ground or engage with radical theory on a very high l I picked up this little volume when I was a volunteer for "Underground Books" on 9th Street in New York City.

I thought it was good enough as an introduction, and I still do, although I admit that Berkman does not break a lot of new ground or engage with radical theory on a very high level. This book is clearly written for a less-educated audience, with the intention of persuading workers to support a movement for greater freedom rather than the state-centralist working class movements of the traditional Left.

In that sense it still seems to me an adequate, if not ground-breaking, piece, which deserves consideration by political activists today. It will appeal to undergraduate-level students of political science as being neither overly long nor especially difficult, although they will have no problem detecting the holes in Berkman's argument. Looking at it again today, it seems to me that the most interesting part is actually the biographical sketch of Berkman by Peter E.

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  8. This focuses largely on Berkman's disillusionment with the Russian Revolution after the Kronstadt rebellion, but doesn't offer as much on his attempt to assassinate H. Frick, except for a familiar excerpt from Emma Goldman's autobiography. There are of course much more exhaustive and well-researched introductions to Berkman's life, but this may also be useful for a newcomer to anarchist history. Sin embargo, a la hora de leerlo hay que tener al menos dos cosas en mente.

    Primero, Berkman habla desde la perspectiva de su tiempo. Esto puede parecer obvio, pero si no se tiene en cuenta, se puede llegar a pensar que el autor es un demagogo que deforma la realidad a su manera. Alexander Berkman was a well known anarchist in the later 19th and early part of the 20th century. He took part in a number of events, including an effort to assassinate a leading industrialist. After years in prison, he continued his activism, editing publications for instance. This book is an example of his political views.

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    He was hardly the most cerebral and talented of the writers in this movement. But he does address many key questions in his own voice, such as "Is anarchism violence? If you want a brief introduction to Berkman's views, this will suffice nicely. Jan 25, Sabrina rated it did not like it. Berkman's is a world of people who live even grander than the promises of liberalism. Not because we toil, but because creation and production and fruition are our birthright and achievable through equitable social structures like those found in Anarchism.

    I was already turned away from capitalism when I read this book and it did a really good job of showing how under current conditions socialism would never take over however it didn't really paint a feasible picture of what an ideal, functioning anarchist world would look like. This is a great book for socialists and capitolists to use to question their own way of thinking. For the anarchist this is a great book for building your arguments and getting a better foundation of what anarchy can be. Mar 06, Ryan rated it liked it. Not the most fleshed-out description of anarchist thought, but a good intro.

    Tends to get lost in utopian speculation. The real wealth here is in Berkman's deconstruction of western values and the assumptions that underlie our conceptions of civilization- e.

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    Dec 14, Fantasy Belley rated it it was amazing. No better book on Anarchism. It's written with language anyone can understand, and after reading many people say, "Huh, I'm an anarchist. Sep 29, L rated it liked it Shelves: Simplistic arguments but great introduction and education on Anarchism and Communist Anarchism.

    I read this right after reading Rousseau's Social Contract, and saw many similarities which was unexpected! Mar 08, christopher leibow rated it it was amazing. Great book of early communist anarchism. A great critical review of the Bolshevic revolution. Aug 19, Hannahelise rated it it was amazing Shelves: I decided to read this book because I was a little bit curious about anarchism. In my ignorance about the theoretical foundations of this political ideology I believed it would be more dear to me than communism, which steps on individuality and tries to hide it under the rug.

    In the movie Le Jeune Karl Marx I remember seeing Marx mocking the anarchists, particularly Proudhon, who was one of the victims of Marx's many bullying acts in his book "The Poverty of Philosophy" which criticizes "The Phil I decided to read this book because I was a little bit curious about anarchism.

    Reading this book on Anarchism I can only imagine how ruthless to it Marx could have been, given how full of logical fallacies and poor arguments it is. Berkman explains that this is a book for the general public, not well versed in anarchist theory, but in fact it is written for someone not well versed in anything, because the language he uses is appropriate for a 5 year old and the explanations as condescending and simplistic.

    In the first chapters the author lays down an economic theory of labor exploitation in the style of Marx and how capitalism is a crime. He explains how the whole society is built such that you do not question your surroundings. School, for example, is an institution that does not want you to learn anything, except that capitalism is good.

    He does not elaborate enough, leaving the reader the opportunity to publish a future magnum opus where it is proven that Darwin's evolution theory, Differential calculus and quantum mechanics are taught so that one does not understand that capitalism is a prison. He also tries to make several statements about Economics which are plainly wrong and contradictory in themselves, which I liked because it made me see that after all Economics is not a hopeless science and there are things we actually know.

    For a criticism of capitalism that actually makes you think your time would be better spent with the Frankfurt School. There were some parts that seemed less bad like when he criticizes some particularities of the Russian Revolution, but throughout, he makes point that you cannot help but question. For example, he says that statistics have proven that 3 hours a day of work would be enough to keep humanity fed and comfortable. I have no idea whether this is true, but I do know that "statistics" hardly proves anything, and that this kind of calculation could not be done through statistics, only through mathematics and with a series of assumptions.

    Reminds me of that story in which Euler tricked Diderot with a false mathematical proof that God existed, fortunately I do know more statistics than Diderot knew mathematics. A lot of questions seem to be left out or simply dismissed by "people would not do this", when he tries to argue that after the revolution everyone would live in harmony. Overall, this text made me understand better Marx's attitudes towards anarchists and what he called utopian socialists, because this is very unconvincing indeed. Perhaps, and I do believe that, there are better texts, which do not seem written by a highschooler.

    I did get suspicious from the beginning when he argues that sociologists, philosophers and psychologists have been wasting their time writing tomes about what people want when it is plainly obvious. I have always found alarming seeing people who did not appreciate and awed at the complexity and diversity of human experience. Beware when someone says that it is very simple to say what all humans want and then a ten words sentence follows.

    This is actually just a reprint edition of "The ABC of Anarchism," with a introduction by Barry Pateman that provides some biographical and historical context on Berkman which I found helpful for understanding his argument. Essentially an argument for anarchism as the path toward communism, with Berkman framing the argument between the reader and himself.

    Alexander Berkman: What is Communist Anarchism? Chapter 1

    If you have a passing familiarity with anarchist and left polemic, you will recognize most of the arguments, particularly those dealing with This is actually just a reprint edition of "The ABC of Anarchism," with a introduction by Barry Pateman that provides some biographical and historical context on Berkman which I found helpful for understanding his argument. If you have a passing familiarity with anarchist and left polemic, you will recognize most of the arguments, particularly those dealing with labor theory and economics. Most of the theory was for me neither new nor particularly novel, but I imagine those without a basic understanding will learn a lot about anarchism or more specifically anarcho-communist tendencies.