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Musa's press conference on Malaysia's current politics

The product is already in the wishlist! A delayed general election took place in From the seventh century, the region traded in pottery with China.

Malaysia : History

In the early 15th century the state was ruled mainly by the Sultan of Brunei. In the territory was made a British Protectorate, still administered by the Company, which also administered Labuan until , when it was joined to the Straits Settlements. From until the territory was occupied by the Japanese army. In July it became the Crown colony of North Borneo.

Archaeological evidence suggests that Sarawak was inhabited from about BCE.


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From the 15th century, it was ruled by the Sultan of Brunei who, in , ennobled James Brooke, a British adventurer, as Rajah of Sarawak, a reward for his help in calming a rebellion in Brunei. Brooke waged a vigorous campaign against piracy.


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  • Sarawak was gradually enlarged with additional grants of land from the Sultan, and the River Lawas area bought from the North Borneo Chartered Company in Sarawak prospered under Rajah Sir Charles Vyner Brooke reigned —46 , who attempted to set up an elected government in , but the territory was occupied by the Japanese army in the following year. During the Japanese occupation, sickness and malnutrition spread throughout Sarawak. The Rajah, resuming control in , decided that in the interests of Sarawak, he should make a gift of it to the UK Crown. Sarawak became a UK colony in July Early in , the governments of the Federation of Malaya and the UK and the Heads of the Malay States agreed that the Federation should achieve independence by the end of August if possible.

    On 31 August the Federation of Malaya became an independent nation and joined the Commonwealth. Penang and Malacca became states of the Federation. Tengku prince Abdul Rahman, leader of the independence movement, became Prime Minister.

    The Federation of Malaysia came into being on 16 September In , by mutual agreement, Singapore left the Federation and became an independent state. Amid violent ethnic clashes, the government suspended parliament and the national operations council ruled by decree for two years. Although Malays formed over half the population, in they accounted for about one per cent of national income. After the parliamentary system was restored, the National Front Barisan Nasional — a multiethnic alliance led by UMNO — won over two-thirds of seats at all elections of the s, s and s and this continued into the s.

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    Malays have dominated the political system since independence, and support in the Malay-dominated rural areas is crucial for political success at the national level. However, to command a parliamentary majority and in the interests of national stability, UMNO has formed coalitions with parties representing other racial groups.

    Intercommunal relations, particularly between the Malays and the Chinese, have preoccupied governments since independence. In August Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad sacked his Deputy Prime Minister and Finance Minister, Anwar Ibrahim, who was subsequently arrested under the detention-without-trial Internal Security Act for holding a political protest gathering without a police permit. He was also charged on several counts of sexual misconduct and abuse of power, charges he denied and said stemmed from a conspiracy to remove him.

    Anwar was found guilty of corruption in April and sentenced to six years in prison.