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Moreover, the greening practices together with measures applied under Rural Development Programmes have very significant potential to address agriculture's impact on water. The CAP is equipped of a monitoring and evaluation system which assesses the results and the impact of measures on the environment. However, the primary instrument for managing waters at the river basin level is the Water Framework Directive with the River Basin Management Plans that enact that directive's requirements.


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Set-aside, also referred to as crop rotation, is a tried and tested method of giving cultivated soil the opportunity to regenerate. In order to meet the constantly increasing demand for food, however, the rate has not been put back up since then. It has now been proven that strategic set-aside plays a crucial role in biodiversity, however. What statistics can the Commission produce in order to prove that the full suspension of set-aside was necessary?

How can the Commission explain why the set-aside rate has not yet been increased, despite the fact that there is a surplus in food production across Europe, and in light of the fact that, on a global level, 1. This step has been undertaken because the reasoning to set-aside agricultural land was no longer valid. Instead of agricultural surpluses EU agriculture faces nowadays a constantly increasing demand for food, feed and biomass. Therefore, the available agricultural area will be needed for primary production.

Nevertheless, the positive impact that set-aside can have on soil functionality and biodiversity is well acknowledged. Fallow land is one type of land that counts as ecological focus area. In addition, voluntary set-aside of agricultural land for environmental purposes can be supported by agri-environmental-climate measures as part of Rural Development. Hence, the CAP offers also in the future incentives to set-aside land where it is needed. In connection with the foregoing, does the Commission intend to take any steps to assist this imprisoned member of the Belarus opposition?

The Commission is aware of the case of J.

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The EU takes every opportunity to ensure that the authorities are made aware of the EU's concerns, including of this case, and prompted to address these concerns. How will the Commission ensure that existing cross-border partnerships continue to receive in the long term the level of financial support from EaSI that they need? How will the Commission ensure a smooth transition for cross-border partnerships from the current to the forthcoming funding period? When will the contracts between the Commission and the main applicants for EURES cross-border partnerships be available for signature?

When does the funding period begin for the first call for proposals under EaSI? Will existing cross-border partnership be affected by a funding gap, and if so, how will it be closed? How will the Commission ensure that cross-border partnerships under EaSI will be recognised as cross-border operators and included in the EURES network as independent institutions which are not subject to national priorities? In order to simplify administration for the beneficiaries, support under the call for proposals will be granted only for expenditure incurred in the calendar year. It is subject to approval by Parliament and the Council and has no bearing on the funding under the calls for proposals for EaSI.

Ano Internacional da Agricultura Familiar. The United Nations has designated as the International Year of Family Farming, in recognition of this type of farming's fundamental contribution to world food security. Unlike other more intensive forms of agriculture, which are essentially motivated by profit, one of the hallmarks of family farming is its unparalleled emotional link to the land, expressed in greater concern for the environment, which leads it to develop more sustainable and lasting forms of land use and contribute positively to maintaining rural populations, revitalising the countryside, promoting territorial and social cohesion, employment, management of natural resources, environmental protection and, in general, to the development and sustainable use of rural areas.

Does the Commission recognise the specific difficulties faced by family farmers in terms of access to land and credit, excessive bureaucracy, technical training and promoting their products in the current context of imbalances along the agro-food chain? What specific measures does the Commission plan to draw up during this international year of Family Farming? All presentations are uploaded on the following website: Daher ersuchen wir die Kommission um die Beantwortung der folgenden Frage:.

Eine Reihe sicherheitsrelevanter Reaktorforschungsprojekte wurde z. We therefore ask the Commission to answer the following question:. Promoting reactor safety research in Europe has been an essential objective of the successive Euratom Research and Training Programmes, supported both through indirect actions and direct actions of the Commission's Joint Research Centre. Even more so after Fukushima, all reactor research activities funded by Euratom are characterised by the overriding concern to ensure continuous improvements of nuclear safety. The Italian investment bank, Mediobanca, like a number of other entities and experts, believes that the Castor gas storage facility would lead to a considerable rise in gas tariffs for Spanish consumers if it begins its commercial operations.

The consensus among investment banks means that it will be beneficial for the final tariffs paid by consumers and act as a curb on the gas tariff deficit if Castor does not come into operation. What information did the Commission have regarding the risks associated with the Castor project before the EIB approved the issuing of bonds to fund it?

Is the Commission concerned that energy poverty could increase as a result of this rise? These risks are normally assessed by the project promoters and the corresponding National authorities who provide the required permits and authorisations. As a part of the Spanish energy infrastructure plan, the project was included in the Strategic Environmental Assessment carried out by the Spanish Energy Ministry in In its recent communication COM 15 — A policy framework for climate and energy in the period from to , one of the key elements set out by the Commission is competitive, affordable and secure energy.

The Commission has proposed a set of key indicators to assess progress over time and to provide a factual base for potential policy response. These indicators relate to, for example, energy price differentials with major trading partners, supply diversification and reliance on indigenous energy sources, as well as the interconnection capacity between Member States.

Through these indicators, policies will ensure a competitive and secure energy system in a perspective. On the basis of the information available, the Commission is not in a position to comment on the impact of this project on energy poverty. Na ravni EU pa je bila In its communication on the promotion of cooperative societies in Europe COM , the Commission recognised that social enterprises play an important role in the European economy and contribute to overcoming the crisis.

Social enterprises often receive support through calls for tender published by the management authorities in the Member States under the European Social Fund. It is regrettable that the chapter on social entrepreneurship has been entirely left out of the Slovenian operational programmes under the ERDF in the multiannual financial framework. Will social enterprises also be eligible for financing under other calls for tender for small and medium-sized enterprises, and to what extent will they benefit from positive discrimination?

To what extent will the sustainable nature of social enterprises be included among the financing conditions in calls for tender as regards eligibility for funding? Will it be possible to include the purchase of used equipment as eligible costs rather than new equipment? What has been the experience so far with setting up European social entrepreneurship funds, and what role could the national public authorities play in this regard?

Contracting authorities may lay down special conditions economic, innovation-related, environmental, social or employment-related to the performance of a contract. Establishing a new fund vehicle means prospecting potential investors and obtaining sufficient capital to justify the start of operations. As with private equity or venture capital, significant time is needed for new fund vehicles.

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The Commission expects progress in this area to be incremental. Enako velja za potrdila v zvezi s standardi za okoljsko upravljanje. Public procurement has a considerable influence on economic growth and the market. It has therefore often been used in the past decade as a way of achieving aims related to the environment, social policy, development and innovation, encouraging entrepreneurship, and the creation of new green jobs.

In Slovenia public procurement is gradually being greened as the Green Procurement Regulation is being enforced. Because of the present economic situation, in which the crisis is making itself acutely felt, and of the limited supply of environmentally more acceptable products, the environmental criteria in the Green Procurement Regulation have to some extent been adjusted. As far as other green procurement indicators are concerned, Slovenia again ranks among the worst Member States. There are also differences as regards the validity of environmental certificates awarded in Member States: What progress is being made in ascertaining whether public procurement is being greened in in Member States as far as is appropriate, and what steps will the Commission take if green procurement criteria are not met?

What is the position as regards the uniform validity of environmental certificates awarded in Member States when a firm submits a tender under an open procedure in a country that does not specially issue any such certificates? What incentives or frameworks has the Commission planned with a view to increasing the proportion of green procurement?

The Commission is currently considering further measures to help assess the progress on GPP in the various Member States more accurately, e. If a product bearing an eco-label from any particular country fulfils the criteria required by a public authority, the authority may decide to accept that the eco-label is sufficient proof that these criteria are met. Voluntary green purchaser networks should be developed, and the Commission will increase support to procurer networks to encourage sharing of good practice. Is de Commissie van mening dat blasfemiewetten het principe van vrijheid van meningsuiting schenden?

In dat opzicht is het dus alleen aan de lidstaten om ervoor te zorgen dat hun verplichtingen met betrekking tot de grondrechten — die voortkomen uit internationale overeenkomsten en uit hun nationale wetgeving — worden nageleefd. Is the Commission of the opinion that blasphemy laws violate the principle of freedom of expression?

In this matter, it is thus for Member States alone to ensure that their obligations regarding fundamental rights — as resulting from international agreements and from their internal legislation — are respected. In this context, the Commission recalls that according to the European Court of Human Rights, the freedom of expression constitutes one of the essential foundations of democratic societies and that this right protects not only information or ideas that are favourably received or regarded as inoffensive or as a matter of indifference, but also those that offend, shock or disturb.

Si tratta con tutta evidenza di una pratica discriminatoria nei confronti dei cittadini UE che non sono di madrelingua inglese. Le candidature possono essere presentate in una qualsiasi delle lingue ufficiali dell'UE. Pertanto, la Commissione non ritiene che alcun gruppo di candidati potenziali sia stato posto in una situazione di svantaggio. In effetti, un simile ritardo avrebbe avuto un impatto negativo sostanziale sui cittadini e sulle organizzazioni dell'UE desiderosi di partecipare al programma.

That being said, can the Commission confirm that April is the publication date for the programme in all official languages of the EU? Does it intend to translate the programme into these languages as soon as possible, in order to avoid the unfair treatment of citizens who do not speak English? Does it intend to adopt any specific measures to avoid this situation repeating itself in the future, thereby guaranteeing equal opportunities for all Europeans? The guide is currently being translated by the Commission's services, which are also translating similar guides for the other new Union programmes.

The Guide will be made available in all languages as soon as possible. Applications can be submitted in any official EU language. Thus the Commission does not consider that any group of potential applicants has been put at a disadvantage. Indeed, any such delay would have had a substantial negative impact on EU citizens and organisations wishing to participate in the programme.

The Commission expects that the translations will be posted on the website during April and May. Quest'ultimo fa parte del Corridoio europeo TAV n. La direttrice dell'Arpa Agenzia Regionale per la Protezione dell'Ambiente di Brescia ha dichiarato che nel caso del cromo la concentrazione presente nel sottosuolo sarebbe addirittura 1.

Il programma FESR per la Lombardia non prevede alcun intervento nel settore della bonifica di terreni inquinati. An inquiry has been opened by the Italian Public Prosecutors of Brescia and Treviso into the reality of illegal toxic waste dumping near a number of important transport routes in Italy.

Among the routes involved are the A4 motorway and the Milan-Venice railway line, the latter forming part of the high-speed railway line along Pan-European transport corridor V Lyon-Treviso. Huge quantities of hazardous waste containing nickel, hexavalent chromium and arsenic substances which are highly damaging to both human health and the surrounding environment were found near Brescia, following analysis of soil samples taken from railway construction sites.

With regard to public health and environmental protection, can it work together with the Italian authorities to ensure the removal of all hazardous substances?

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The Commission is not aware of the facts described by the Honourable Member but understands that an inquiry has already been opened by Italian public prosecutors. A parallel investigation by the Commission would not bring any added value. The fact that hazardous waste has been found near a construction site which happens to be part of a TEN-T project should, as such, have no impact on the financing of the project. The ERDF Programme for Lombardy does not foresee any intervention in the field of rehabilitation of contaminated land.

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In this case, the removal of hazardous substances remains the sole responsibility of the Italian competent authorities. Ich ersuche die Kommission in diesem Zusammenhang, folgende Fragen zu beantworten:. Was gedenkt die Kommission zu tun, um die Diskriminierung zwischen Weinbauern mit und Weinbauern ohne Doppelbesitzerstatus aufzuheben? So-called dual owners i. What does the Commission propose to do in order to eliminate the discrimination between those wine growers who have dual owner status and those who do not?

What does the Commission propose to do in order to facilitate cross-border but regional wine growing and cross-border but regional wine processing? How can the Commission facilitate wine processing within the European Union — while at the same time upholding high quality standards and regional wine cultures and also taking into account the need for adequate information to be provided to consumers? In the case referred to by the Honourable Member, the labelling of the wines obtained is thus possible with the names of the two Member States in which the production of the grapes took place.

Nuevos fondos, mejores normas. Given how helpful this kind of information is for institutions, businesses and citizens:. Does the European Commission have any plans to publish a new edition of this document or some other kind of guide for the new period ? If so, when does it intend to publish this document in all of the official languages of the European Union? In order to speed up the production process and make this publication available to the public as soon as possible the Commission has planned a web-based publication which will be ready in EN once all the legal bases of the programmes are formally approved.

The other language versions will be available at a later stage depending on the speed of the translations services. The leader of the Maltese Nationalist Party, Simon Busuttil, has repeatedly told the press that, should his party be elected to government, he will revoke all passports granted under the Maltese Individual Investor Programme. Given the principle of the non-retroactivity of law which is enshrined in European law, would the Commission consider the revocation of such legally acquired passports and the rights they accord the individual illegal?

El Reglamento es directamente aplicable en cada Estado miembro. Are the various Member States bound to establish their own public service obligations for road transport in order to guarantee all EU citizens can enjoy their right to free movement? The regulation is directly applicable in all Member States.

However, it does not create a positive obligation for Member States to establish public service obligations. These complaints relate to their restriction of access to computer hardware and software updates, a practice which puts the equipment manufacturers in a strong position in the market for hardware and software maintenance agreements. Specifically, access to updates is only granted to customers who have maintenance agreements with the equipment manufacturers.

Does the Commission not take the view that these practices effectively compel hardware and software customers to sign maintenance agreements with their original hardware or software manufacturer? This could be compared to a situation in which a car buyer was only able to have his car serviced by the manufacturer and not by a potentially cheaper independent garage.

Does the Commission share the view that these practices, if allowed to continue unchecked, may have far-reaching effects on competition, such as the freezing-out of independent maintenance providers? In order to establish a violation of EU competition rules, a whole range of legal, economic and factual details have to be assessed in every case, including whether or not an undertaking holds a dominant position in a relevant market. Hence, the Commission cannot, in the abstract, make a general assessment of the compliance or otherwise of such business practices with EU competition law. The Commission is committed to ensuring that EU competition rules are fully respected and closely monitors market developments.

Secondo un esposto di Federfarma Federazione nazionale unitaria titolari di farmacia presentato lo scorso luglio alla Procura di Roma, in Italia esisterebbe una sorta di mercato parallelo dei farmaci: Il mercato parallelo riguarderebbe tra l'altro farmaci antidepressivi, antitumorali e per il trattamento del morbo di Parkinson. Sul piano dei principi va ricordato che il commercio parallelo costituisce una forma legittima di commercio all'interno del mercato interno, a norma dell'articolo 34 del TFUE. Tuttavia gli Stati membri possono in determinati casi imporre restrizioni agli scambi per i motivi previsti dall'articolo 36 del TFUE o stabiliti dalla giurisprudenza della Corte di giustizia, come la protezione della salute umana.

Il commercio parallelo avviene in diversi Stati membri. Qualunque azione va tuttavia esaminata caso per caso. The drugs being sold on the parallel market include anti-depressants, anti-cancer drugs and drugs for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. As a result, many medicines needed to treat serious diseases are in short supply or unavailable for long periods of time. What action does the Commission intend to take to protect the public, ensuring that there are no shortages of drugs, and to prevent this speculation? Parallel trade takes place in different Member States.

In case of shortages in medicinal products of major therapeutical interest, whose interruption of supply would put in danger the concerned patients, Member States could consider taking action as long as they are justified and proportionate. However, any measures are to be examined on a case by case basis.

Programma anti-droga del governo peruviano. Sono stati compiuti progressi anche in relazione agli altri due pilastri: Le problematiche legate alle droghe sono e rimarranno una tematica importante nel dialogo politico con il governo peruviano. Alternative Development, Interdiction including eradication and Prevention. The ENLCD was developed thanks to a broad participatory process and includes for the first time a set of performance indicators and annual targets. Concerning implementation, the Peruvian Authorities are following the positive results in and making efforts to intensify law-enforcement operations in coca growing regions.

The objective for is to eradicate 36, ha 24, in , 14, in Progress have also been made in the two other axes: Alternative Development and Prevention. It is implemented partly by means of budget support and partly by means of technical assistance. Drugs-related issues are and will remain an important topic in the political dialogue with the Peruvian Government. Debiti della pubblica amministrazione nei confronti delle imprese in Italia: The Commission is not informed of the precise amount of outstanding liabilities of the public authorities to companies in Italy.

The Commission is currently in contact with the Italian authorities in order to clarify issues that seem not to be in compliance with the directive. It will then decide on further steps. If the Court finds that indeed the obligation has not been fulfilled, the Member State must terminate the breach without any delay. If the Member State has not complied with the Court of Justice's judgment, the Court may upon the request of the Commission, impose a lump sum or penalty payment.

At this stage it would be premature to estimate the value of the potential penalty which may be imposed. Le conclusioni e la valutazione della relazione sui progressi rimangono sostanzialmente valide. The findings and the assessment of the progress report remain largely valid. Fondi PAC per le imprese agro-meccaniche. As regards the allocation of Common Agricultural Policy funding, can the Commission indicate whether agricultural engineering companies are considered eligible to apply for grants relating to agricultural innovation and rural development at a national level?

If not, does the Commission intend to review the legislation to include companies such as these? Therefore, the eligibility of such companies for funding via a given measure of rural development policy depends on the eligibility conditions set with regard to that particular measure in the aforementioned EU-level rules and in the relevant rural development programme. With regard to innovation: Such projects would usually involve more than one operator. Infiltrazioni terroristiche nei sistemi educativi scolastici in Indonesia.

Come valuta la Commissione l'impatto avuto in tale ambito dallo strumento di cooperazione allo sviluppo attivo fra UE e Indonesia? I recenti arresti evidenziano il gran numero di giovani reclute, che possono essere studenti, giovani privi di istruzione e disoccupati o giovani del ceto medio molto abili nell'uso di internet. L'UE finanzia attualmente un progetto dell'UNODC nel sud-est asiatico, volto a sostenere la lotta alla radicalizzazione condotta dal governo indonesiano, e contribuisce a contrastare questo fenomeno anche attraverso lo strumento europeo per la democrazia e i diritti umani EIDHR.

L'UE lavora a stretto contatto con diversi ministeri, tra cui il ministero dell'Istruzione e il ministero degli Affari religiosi. Since the Bali bombings Indonesian authorities have been successful in suppressing terrorist activities and dismantling extremist networks. Terrorist groups have, however, proven adept at regrouping and readjusting their strategy.

There are ongoing links between old jihadi networks and newer, more diffuse groups. The process of recruitment into extremist groups is however still not well understood and no uniform pattern can be identified. Recent arrests reveal a high number of young recruits: Generally local issues and grievances rather than international topics are used in the recruitment process.

But self-radicalisation and use of Internet propaganda material also play an important role. The EU's considerable support to the education sector in Indonesia around EU million is an important contributor towards an environment of tolerance and understanding. EU support specifically targets equity, quality and governance aspects, which includes oversight and transparency of schooling and school financing systems, as well as increased training of teachers, principals and supervisors.

Considerando che l'etichettatura in oggetto fornisce un'informazione parziale e che l'adozione di tale provvedimento potrebbe condurre a distorsioni sul mercato comunitario, si interroga la Commissione per sapere:. Given that the labelling system in question provides biased information and that the implementation of this measure might result in distortions on the Community market, could the Commission tell us:.

Therefore, there is no Commission opinion to be adopted. Combustione illegale di rifiuti e materiali negli insediamenti abusivi di Roma. Si creano, di fatto, discariche abusive nelle quali si pratica la combustione illegale di rifiuti, producendo un fumo nero, denso e irrespirabile che costringe i cittadini romani a barricarsi in casa. I roghi di rifiuti sono all'ordine del giorno nella periferia di Roma nelle zone di Parco delle Valli, Viadotto Gronchi, Nuovo Salario, Tor Sapienza, Fidene, Ponte di Nona, Muratella, Magliana ed altre ancora, come testimoniano diverse fonti di stampa locale.

Se intende intervenire in questa vicenda e chiedere delucidazioni alla regione Lazio e al Comune di Roma? Se intende intervenire visto che in questa vicenda sono violati, in particolar modo, il diritto alla salute dei cittadini e la tutela dell'ambiente? La Commissione non era al corrente della situazione riferita dall'onorevole deputato.

Essi devono inoltre assicurare che ogni produttore iniziale o altro detentore di rifiuti provveda personalmente al loro trattamento oppure li consegni ad un commerciante o ad un ente o a un'impresa che effettua le operazioni di trattamento dei rifiuti o ad un soggetto addetto alla raccolta dei rifiuti pubblico o privato. Unlawful waste disposal sites are actually being created, where the illegal burning of waste goes on, producing unbreathable, dense, black smoke which forces residents of Rome to barricade themselves in their homes.

Despite the continuous complaints and protests by exasperated residents, the Rome City Council continues to stall requests for assessment of the toxicity of the smoke, requests for immediate clearance and complete restoration of all squatter sites and for a solution to the waste disposal problem.

They must also ensure that any original waste producer or other holder carries out the treatment of waste himself or has the treatment handled by a dealer or an establishment which carries out waste treatment operations or arranged by a private or public waste collector. As such, illegal waste activities do not necessarily imply that the public authorities are at fault; however, a failure to adequately and effectively control such activities would contravene the requirements of the Waste Directive.

Inoltre, in assenza di una rete fognaria, ciascun residente deve realizzare una fossa biologica soggetta, secondo le disposizioni di legge, a un'autorizzazione allo scarico da rinnovare ogni quattro anni, e deve provvedere alle spese di pulizia della fossa stessa. Per questi motivi i cittadini di Borgo San Martino hanno chiesto al Comune di Cerveteri e alla Regione Lazio di porre fine a questa iniqua doppia tassazione.

Quali azioni concrete possono intraprendere i cittadini di Borgo San Martino per far valere i loro diritti? Inoltre, anche la doppia imposizione che risulti dall'esercizio parallelo della competenza fiscale da parte di due Stati membri nei confronti dello stesso soggetto passivo non costituisce, in quanto tale, una restrizione vietata dal Trattato. This consortium was set up in with the task of carrying out the improvement works necessary to maintain the efficiency of an area liable to hydrogeological problems by means, among other things, of an underground irrigation network.

However, over the years the improvement activities of the Consortium have declined, leaving the residents of the rural district to bear the anticipated costs. This latter tax in particular is completely baseless, since in the present day buildings are liable to many taxes at all levels — local, provincial, regional and state.

Furthermore, in the absence of any sewerage system, each resident must construct a septic tank, which, in accordance with the law, requires a discharge licence which must be renewed every four years, and must meet the costs of cleaning the septic tank. So far, various judgments of the Italian Court of Cassation have confirmed the legitimacy of claims for local rates only where there is proof of a specific benefit to the property; in other words, the mere existence of a property within the territory belonging to the district is not sufficient for any benefit to be assumed.

For these reasons the residents of Borgo San Martino have requested the Municipality of Cerveteri and the Lazio Region to bring to an end this inequitable double taxation. The Commission regrets that it cannot be of assistance to the Honourable Member as the issue brought to its attention concerns a possible case of double taxation in a purely domestic situation. Double taxation imposed by a single Member State on taxable persons who are resident within its territory is a matter for the taxable persons to take up with the Member State concerned as it does not relate to the principles enshrined in the Treaties, as interpreted by the Court of Justice of the European Union.

Moreover, even double taxation which results from the exercise in parallel by two Member States of their fiscal sovereignty over the same taxable person does not, as such, constitute a restriction prohibited by the Treaty. Therefore there is no legal obligation on Member States to eliminate it.

The Commission is not in a position to advise the residents of Borgo San Martino on the specific actions that they could take to enforce their rights, as any such actions are those which are possible under the Italian legal order. Tutela dei lavoratori della polizia locale di Roma Capitale. All'atto di dare attuazione alla normativa dell'Unione gli Stati membri devono rispettare le disposizioni della Carta dei diritti fondamentali dell'UE. The numerous duties performed by municipal police forces in Italy, including ensuring public safety at the scenes of traffic accidents, traffic management and services to prevent petty crime, expose officers to health and safety risks on a daily basis.

Given that protection and safety in the workplace and in the performance of duties are fundamental principles of European legislation, legislation that is aimed at defining minimum standards of protection for workers in particular those with high-risk jobs:. How does the Commission evaluate the conduct of the municipal authorities of Rome and Lazio?

What actions or measures can be taken to guarantee favourable working conditions for municipal police forces? The Commission is not aware of the situation referred to and has not been notified of any shortcomings endangering workplace health and safety in the conduct of the Rome and Lazio municipal authorities. It cannot state a position in the absence of more precise information. In any event, the competent national authorities are responsible for enforcing national provisions transposing EU legislation on health and safety at work.

It is for the competent national authorities to monitor and enforce the implementation of national provisions transposing those Directives in individual cases and ensure respect of the rights enshrined in the Charter. The EU Directives on health and safety at work establish minimum requirements and do not prevent any Member State from maintaining or introducing more stringent protective measures than those laid down therein. Piano industriale Electrolux e rischi di chiusura stabilimenti in Italia. Possibili misure europee a sostegno dell'occupazione.

Nel caso dello stabilimento di Porcia, in particolare, si fa strada da giorni addirittura l'ipotesi della chiusura. Si tratta di una sede che occupa dipendenti e la sua eventuale chiusura riguarderebbe oltre 2 mila lavoratori considerando l'indotto. In linea di principio, la Commissione non ha il potere di interferire nelle decisioni delle aziende. In the case of the Porcia factory in particular, workers have been gathering at the gates for days now to protest against the prospect of closure.

Due to the unacceptable effect that the proposed cutbacks would have on the social and productive fabric of the areas in question, trade unions and local authorities have shown their willingness to sustain production and seek alternative solutions. In the light of the desire to implement an industrial compact in support of European industries, can the Commission:. The Commission is not aware of the details of the current restructuring in several Italian plants of the Electrolux Group apart from press sources. It cannot therefore provide any general outline of the situation.

As a matter of principle, the Commission has no powers to interfere in a company's decisions. Workers affected by restructuring may qualify for support from the ESF and, provided that the necessary conditions are met, from the European Globalisation Adjustment Fund. The Commission is not in a position to assess the facts or state whether a private company has, or has not, complied with any national provisions which serve to implement EU directives. Twelve immigrants — including children — tragically died near the island of Farmakonisi as the Greek port authorities were attempting to evict them from Greek waters.

This operation formed part of the practical application of one of the top priorities of Greek EU presidency, namely to crack down on refugees and immigrants. At the same time it is promoting the strengthening of national and EU mechanisms of repression through cooperation between coastguard services and declares that it will make every effort to enhance the operational capabilities of the Member States and further promote operational cooperation between Member States at the external borders of the Union and to establish rules for the surveillance of external borders through joint Frontex operations.

This is the purpose of the joint maritime operations of Greek repressive mechanisms and Frontex: Will it continue to operate the concentration camps for refugees and migrants located in EU Member States? The newly adopted legislation forming the Common European Asylum System, including the Dublin III Regulation, sets out common high standards to ensure that asylum-seekers and refugees enjoy a dignified standard of living and are treated equally in an open and fair manner wherever they apply.

As co-legislator, the European Parliament played an essential role in the adoption of these high standards, including confirming the underlying principles of the Dublin Regulation. The Schengen Borders Code applies without prejudice to the rights of refugees and persons requesting international protection, and when carrying out border control activities, Member States must respect their obligations under the principle of non-refoulement.

Frontex supports Member States through joint operations; it has the task of assisting Member States in circumstances requiring increased technical and operational assistance at the external borders, taking into account that some situations may involve humanitarian emergencies and rescue at sea. The most recent development of the Schengen acquis is the rules for sea operations coordinated by Frontex which are to be adopted shortly by the co-legislators. In the wake of the tragedy in Lampedusa last year, the Commission set up the Task Force Mediterranean.

Olio d'oliva come cura contro il cancro al seno. I finanziamenti dell'UE per la ricerca sono concessi sulla base di inviti a presentare proposte su base concorrenziale, a seguito di una valutazione inter pares indipendente. A test carried out by a team of American researchers has found that hydroxytyrosol, one of the most important components found in olive oil, may have benefits in the fight against breast cancer in pre-menopausal women, as it acts on the density of the breast.

Having discovered the link between breast density and the risk of cancer in mammals, the team now plans to carry out a study to quantify the positive effects this important component in olive oil might have in terms of reducing the risk of breast cancer. The experiment will be conducted on one hundred women, half of whom are pre-menopausal and half of whom are post-menopausal, with the subjects being given 25 milligrams of hydroxytyrosol in the form of capsules to be taken every day for a year, with control visits taking place every three months.

The antioxidant property of hydroxytyrosol, such as its extremely low toxicity, has already been confirmed by in vitro studies, meaning that hydroxytyrosol is a potential precursor in the development of new preventative and anticarcinogenic medicines. Although research on hydroxytyrosol and prevention of breast cancer is not being specifically addressed, the Seventh Framework Programme for Research.

According to reports by a well-known British television broadcaster, a scientist in Canada has developed a genetically modified tomato which is said to exhibit antioxidant properties thanks to the presence of anthocyanins. The tomatoes, which take on the characteristic purple colour following the transfer of a gene found in the snapdragon plant, are intended to produce health benefits when it comes to the fight against cancer.

As a matter of policy, the European Commission does not judge or comment on research projects or scientific reports that do not directly relate to its activities in supporting research. Any scientific consortium can present proposals related to the fight against cancer.

It is now intended that the Act on non-government organisations enacted in will also apply to the mass media. These amendments to Russian law undoubtedly constitute a further attack on civic society in that country. After a wave of repression against non-governmental organisations and human rights supporters, the Kremlin is now attacking the independent media. The act proposed by Russian deputies is, as representatives of organisations concerned with freedom of speech have emphasised, an anti-state act, which will further reduce the already extremely narrow space in which the independent media can operate in Russia.

In view of the above, does the Commission hold any information regarding this draft act and does it intend to take any steps to ensure safeguards for the observance of freedom of speech in Russia? She is aware that several draft bills have been initiated since seen as aiming at further controlling media receiving funding from foreign sources. To date, none of these initiatives has been adopted.

Freedom of the media features prominently in the EU's dialogue with Russia, including at summit level and in our political dialogues, permanent partnership councils and human rights consultations. The EU's position about the shrinking space for civil society in Russia applies equally to the situation of journalists and media outlets.

The EU noted that its effective cutting-off would have serious consequences for media freedom and media pluralism in Russia. Such outreach to journalists and editors contribute to maintaining professional contacts and is part of the EU's continued engagement with Russia. The EU will continue to call on the Russian authorities to respect its international commitments on freedom of expression and media freedom and to ensure that the overall media environment remains pluralistic and free from political interference. Secondo l'Alto Commissariato delle Nazioni Unite per i rifugiati, i combattimenti nella provincia di Anbar, nell'est dell'Iraq, hanno ormai portato allo sfollamento di circa mila persone.

The tormenting harasser syndrome (stalking): a review

L'UE segue con la massima attenzione gli sviluppi nella provincia irachena di Anbar, dove la situazione rimane estremamente instabile. Nell'ambito della sua risposta alla crisi siriana, nel e nel l'UE ha stanziato, rispettivamente, 7,34 e 13,5 milioni di EUR per l'assistenza umanitaria all'Iraq. Roughly half of these Syrian refugees left in the last week alone.

Three weeks on from the outbreak of the hostilities between the army and a number of Sunni tribal militias, the situation is still somewhat unclear, as the tribal militia have control over some of the important cities, including Fallujah. The American Government has already stepped up its supply of weapons to the Iraqi Government, but the situation could remain unstable for some time to come. The EU is closely following developments in Iraq's Anbar Province, where the situation remains highly volatile. The EU has not at this time foreseen any mediation efforts between the parties to the conflict in Anbar, but continues to encourage the Government of Iraq to strengthen cooperation between its security forces and local tribes and to ensure that civilians are protected from violence.

In , the Union will continue to support Syrian refugees in Iraq through funds made available for the response to the Syria crisis. Europese fondsen en mensenhandel in Nigeria.

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Ovuorie onthult dat de Nigeriaanse autoriteiten op grote schaal meewerken aan de mensenhandel die er plaatsvindt. Immigratie, douane, politie, leger en buitenlandse ambassades werken mee aan de activiteiten van de mensenhandelaren. Nigeriaanse overheidsfunctionarissen bij mensenhandel? Zal er in het kader van dit project ook actie ondernomen worden tegen de infiltratie van de Nigeriaanse autoriteiten door mensenhandelaren?

De Commissie is op de hoogte van de werkzaamheden van mevrouw Tobore Ovuorie. Haar verslag heeft aanzienlijke media-aandacht gekregen zowel in Nigeria als in Europa. De EU werkt nauw samen met de bevoegde Nigeriaanse autoriteiten om de transparantie en verantwoording in deze sector te verbeteren. Dit is een van de hoofddoelstellingen van de door het EOF gefinancierde projecten. Ovuorie revealed that there is extensive collaboration from the Nigerian authorities in the human trafficking that takes place in the country.

Immigration, customs, police, the army as well as foreign embassies cooperate in the activities carried out by the human traffickers. The government institutions which should be working to combat human trafficking have been infiltrated by organised human trafficking rings. Could the Commission provide an overview of past and current projects to combat human trafficking in Nigeria that are financed using European funding?

When implementing projects to combat human trafficking in Nigeria which are financed using European funding, is any consideration given to the problematical role of the Nigerian government institutions which have been infiltrated by human traffickers? Will action also be taken within the scope of this project to combat the infiltration into the Nigerian authorities by people traffickers? It has received considerable coverage in the Nigerian media as well as in Europe. There are currently two major EU funded projects which address trafficking in human beings as integral and important components: The EU is working closely with the relevant Nigerian authorities to improve transparency and accountability in this sector.

Unfortunately government agencies responsible for the migration sector remain weak and significant capacity strengthening is needed to make them more efficient and effective. This is a main objective in the EDF funded projects. Very many people who exercise this right find themselves in a country whose language they are unable to write or speak. As a result, translation services are provided by the host Member State. Would the Commission agree that the costs of such services should be borne by the Member State from which the worker has come and not by the Member State to which the worker has migrated?

It therefore welcomes the translation services that Member States provide to make information easily accessible to workers coming from other Member States and help to improve their prospects of integration. They do not appear to have made similar sums available for migrants from any other Member State or to help local unemployed people find work. In the absence of more precise details, the Commission is not in a position to comment on the measures referred to by the Honourable Member.

Where a Member State's employment offices operate using the services of private employment agencies, that principle also applies and access to assistance must not be denied solely on the grounds that a worker is not a national of the country in question. Lime is a very important and irreplaceable raw material for many branches of industry, construction, the environment and agriculture. The lime industry is labouring under the economic burden of the European Emissions Trading System. The inclusion of lime as a product exposed to Carbon Leakage meant that allowances were allocated on a free basis, at least for process emissions.

The planned changes to the Carbon Leakage rules will mean that the lime sector will not receive free allocations of emissions allowances, as it has been combined with the mortars and gypsum sector, according to the NACE classification, and this sector is ETS-insensitive. The exclusion of lime from the Carbon Leakage list will not affect CO 2 emissions reductions; all it will do is cause a drastic increase in the costs of production and prices as well as a deep recession in the sector. These rules may only be changed by the legislators. The Commission therefore foresees that the current rules will be applicable at least until The Commission, however, must apply and implement these rules, and must therefore review the carbon leakage list.

The existing rules provide a possibility to carry out an assessment at a sub-sector level. The Commission has an open attitude towards such assessments when it can be proven that it is relevant. This would guarantee continuity in the composition of the list. The production of lime is covered by three product benchmarks: Con la legge sul lavoro n. Possiede informazioni ulteriori rispetto allo stato di applicazione della medesima direttiva da parte dello Stato italiano?

Tale legge modifica diversi passi della normativa precedente e aggiunge inoltre un nuovo paragrafo 3bis all'articolo 3 del decreto-legge n. La Commissione non ha ancora concluso la sua analisi di tale nuova disposizione dal punto di vista della corretta attuazione della summenzionata sentenza della Corte. The Commission has been in contact with the Italian Government to obtain further clarification. The Commission has not yet concluded its analysis of this new provision from the perspective of the correct implementation of the abovementioned judgment of the Court. Prostate cancer has emerged as the most common type of cancer amongst men in Europe, with incidence increasing rapidly over the past two decades.

Over new prostate cancer cases are diagnosed in Europe every year. Incidence of prostate cancer has been uniformly increasing in various European countries, with the highest mortality rates recorded in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Denmark, Norway and Sweden. The increase in mortality observed in the Baltic region and in several Central and Eastern European countries appears to reflect a real increase in risk and requires further monitoring.

What is the Commission planning to do to increase awareness amongst European men so that they go for the necessary medical check-ups, which could ultimately result in the prevention and early detection of prostate cancer? To what extent is the Commission committed to help fund the development of efficient therapies against this illness? What kind of initiatives is the Commission adopting to support European men with advanced prostate cancer and their families?

The Commission supports the efforts of the International Agency for Research on Cancer in the collection of statistics related to incidence, prevalence, survival and mortality from cancer. The geographical distribution of the , new cases of prostate cancer diagnosed in in the European Union can be found under the following link: The recommendations of the European Code against Cancer contribute to prostate cancer prevention through better information and screening.

Profiling and evaluation of ncRNA to explore the role of regulators of key cellular mechanisms in prostate cancer. Current evidence does not point to an appropriate balance between benefit and harm of population-based screening of prostate cancer. On the other hand, population based screening of this cancer can lead to diagnosis and surgery of asymptomatic cancers that will not emerge during the lifespan.

The Commission intends to continue promoting and supporting scientific discussion on this issue. At present, there is no known cure for the disease. In , the Commission launched ALCOVE Alzheimer Cooperative Valuation in Europe , a joint action project between Member States aimed at improving knowledge of dementia and its consequences while promoting the exchange of information to preserve the health, quality of life, autonomy and dignity of people with dementia. Can the Commission provide updated statistics on the incidence rate of dementia in the different Member States?

What programmes are in place to fund and encourage research in the field of dementia? Can the Commission provide information on the results of the ALCOVE project, and say what action it is taking to follow up on these outcomes? The Joint Action has produced recommendations on data collection, timely diagnosis, ethical and legal aspects, behavioural and psychological symptoms and limitations on the use of antipsychotic drugs.

The outcomes of the project have been presented to the Member States. Follow-up activities are currently being considered. High alcohol consumption has a major impact on public health and also generates costs related to healthcare, health insurance, law enforcement and public order. High alcohol consumption is also a key health determinant and one of the main causes of premature death and avoidable diseases, with young people forming a particular risk group.

Can the Commission provide updated statistical data on under-age alcohol consumption in the Member States? Can it provide statistical data on the number of children born with foetal alcohol disorders in the Member States? Can it provide statistical data on the number of traffic accidents caused by excessive alcohol consumption in the Member States? What programmes does the Commission currently have or intend to put in place to prevent excessive consumption of alcohol by under-age people?

The Commission's role is to support and help Member States action to address alcohol related harm. Among mental health disorders, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD is one of the most neglected and misunderstood psychiatric conditions in Europe. While it is estimated to affect approximately 1 in 20 children and adolescents across Europe, very few people affected by ADHD receive appropriate diagnosis and support.

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This is largely due to the lack of public awareness and the widespread social stigma surrounding this condition, as well as the lack of appropriate community frameworks to accurately detect and diagnose it. What initiatives are being taken by the Commission to help improve access to early diagnosis of ADHD amongst European children? What strategies are being adopted to improve access to ADHD treatments and to develop a multidisciplinary patient-centred approach to ADHD care and support? What initiatives are being taken to encourage further qualitative and quantitative research, focused on ADHD?

Improving the access to early diagnosis and treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorders is primarily a responsibility for Member States, health professional organisations and the other relevant stakeholders. Its objective is to develop a framework for action for an improved cooperation between healthcare providers and school settings on mental health issues, including attention deficit hyperactivity disorders.


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Non-governmental organisations, patient and family member organisations including those working on attention deficit such as hyperactivity disorder, are closely involved. In Parliament called for a Green Paper on the fight against elder abuse and the need to develop a code of conduct for homes for the elderly. Can the Commission provide statistics regarding the incidence of elder abuse across the Member States? How is the Commission helping the Member States to create an age-friendly environment and provide the necessary support to help reduce the risk of elder abuse?

Can the Commission state how it is going to follow up on the request for a Green Paper on the fight against elder abuse and the need to develop a code of conduct in homes for the elderly? The Commission does not collect EU-wide statistics on elder abuse. In that connection, in the Commission launched a joint project with the World Health Organisation to adapt the Global Age-friendly Cities Guide to the European context. The Commission does not plan to produce a green paper on elder abuse. However, several documents have been presented recently or are being drafted on improving long-term care LTC and preventing elder abuse.

In it plans to financially support the European Group of National Human Rights Institutions to guarantee effective protection of human rights in residential care settings. An EU strategy on mental health was proposed in order to establish cooperation between Member States. The approach acted as a framework for exchange and cooperation between countries to help increase the coherence of actions in the health and non-health policy sectors within Member States and at EU level. As a result, it was designed to allow for the involvement of a broad range of relevant stakeholders with a view to finding solutions.

Can the Commission outline the achievements made since the green paper was introduced? J Forensic Sci ; Obsessional harassment and erotomania in a criminal court population. Demographic and clinical comparison of obsessional followers and offenders with mental disorders. Am J Psychiatry ; Association between violence, psychosis, and relationship to victim in stalkers. The tactical face of stalking. J Criminal Justice ; A replication study of obsessional followers and offenders with mental disorders. Aggression Violent Behav ;1: Stalkers and other obsessional types: J Clin Forensic Med ;4: Can J Psychiatry ; Stalking — a contemporary challenge for forensic and clinical psychiatry.

Br J Psychiatry ; Legal and psychological aspects of stalking: J Forensic Psychiatry ; The Psychology of stalking Clinical and forensic perspectives. Stalkers and their victims. Cambridge University Press The pathological extensions of love. Assessment typology and intervention with the survivors of stalking.

The impact of stalkers on their victims. The psychological impact of stalking of female undergraduates. Stalking and related behaviors experienced by counseling center staff members from current or former clients. Professional Psychology Res Practice ; The stalking of clinicians by their patients.

The psychology of stalking. Characteristics of psychiatric inpatients who stalk, threaten, or harass hospital staff after discharge. Bad men do what good men dream: I buoni lo sognano, i cattivi lo fanno. The legal perspecive on stalking. Unrequited love and the wish to kill: Bull Menninger Clinic ; Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 3rd Ed. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders 4th Ed.

Aggression Violent Behav ;3: Prevalence and Health Consequences of Stalking — Louisiana, Commonwealth of Australia Presses Univertaires de France, Automatismo Mentale Psicosi Passionali. Prediction of dangerous behavior in male erotomania. Stalking behavior in delusional jealousy. A comparative study of psychotic and nonpsychotic stalking. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law ; Assessment and treatment of obsessional harassment. Aggression Violent Behav ;5: The dangerous nature of intimate relationship stalking: Behav Sci Law ; The victims of stalking.

A typology of interpersonal stalking. J Interpers Viol ; Psychiatric diagnosis and the offender-victim typology of stalking. Pursuit of the perfect mother: Austr NZ J Psychiatry ; Cultural factors in erotomania and obsessional following. Pragmatics of human communication. A study of interactional patterns, pathologies and paradoxes. Pragmatica della comunicazione umana. Violence risk and threat assessment. Specialized Training Services Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale.

National Computer Systems, Inc. Administration, Scoring and procedures manual I. Clin Psychom Res Traumatic distress among support-seeking female victims of stalking. Impact of Event Scale: This web site uses technical cookie in order to enhance user experience and to provide services to users. Profiling and third party cookies may be used too when content from third party sites like YouTube, Google Maps, etc