For the book, see Sam Mbah. Anarchism in South Africa. Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Somaliland.
The History of a Movement. But United in Aspirations of Civil Progress": The Anarchist Movement in Egypt, —". Anarchism and Syndicalism in the Colonial and Postcolonial World, Interview with an Egyptian anarchist".
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government - Has there ever been a successful "Anarchy"? - History Stack Exchange
To a greater or lesser extent, all of [ They are but a recent phenomenon and are, therefore, not inevitable in human society. While some "anarchic" features of traditional African societies existed largely in past stages of development, some of them persist and remain pronounced to this day.
So this would exclude little 'social experiments' that didn't last. As pointed out in the comments, any answer to this question may be subjective and depend on the interpretation of stateless.
Anarchism in Africa
I won't consider implicit agreements to be a form of government like being nice to people hoping they'll be nice to you in return. Obeying special people like elders and religious figures would be considered a form of government, unless there is no punishment for going against their opinions and they are merely looked up to as being worthy of attention.
Also I would like to point out that I am talking about a conscious educated decision to move towards an anarchist society. As such tribes who have arguably been in that state since the dawn of man or societies that have ended up in that state as a result of war or other breakdown of their society do not count. Many good questions generate some degree of opinion based on expert experience, but answers to this question will tend to be almost entirely based on opinions, rather than facts, references, or specific expertise.
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The "persisted for at least a few generations" and "conscious educated decision" requirements really nailed the coffin in this case. It is not altogether uncommon to find organised states collapse; while the result might meet some definitions of anarchy, none of them really made a "conscious educated decision" to practice anarchism. The most promising, closest thing I can think of is Makhnovia , but that only lasted three years. It did however seem to be a conscious choice to create something akin to anarchy. If the requirement for "conscious educated decision" is removed, then I think a good example is the Kowloon Walled City.
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It was technically retained by China after the rest of the peninsula was leased to Britain; subsequently the authority of neither was in force in the region. So there was no formal rules or government in that region for decades.
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By even less exacting standards, Medieval Iceland is often cited as an successful example of anarchy. That would seem to be a farcry from what you're asking for though: There's also examples where a state or empire collapses and local governance reverted back to tribes. However, generally speaking, even in tribes the people obeyed chieftains, elders or shamans.
The primary difference between that and organised states is that their powers were not generally formalised, but rather depends upon their personal prestige.
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Disobedience was unpunished in the same sense that the state might drop charges against an accused for various reasons. I'm excluding all the various intentional communities in this answer, because they typically remain subject to the laws and governing powers of the state they reside in. To my mind, they might have removed the hierarchy at the local level, but nevertheless remained part of the national hierarchy with the central government at the top.
While I wouldn't posit this as a successful example, the Mu'tazili in the 9th century makes for an interesting anarchist school of thought. The Mu'tazilites offered a variety of arguments in favour of anarchism, but only one is quoted in full, that of the Mu'tazilite ascetics. It went as follows.