Much of the chapter is based on archival sources found in Tanzania and England, with additional information from various Tanzanian government documents. Since the written history of conservation is the product of an elite social group, the voices of African peasants and pastoralists are heard here as barely audible whispers, and even those are usually relayed secondhand. These types of documents, written by state officials, have limited utility for uncovering "the silent and anonymous forms of class struggle that typify the peasantry" Scott , Nonetheless, we can gain a sense of what was at stake for rural African societies by tracing some of the debates conducted within the colonial government concerning the conflicts between conservation policies and customary rights to land and resources.
Occasionally, the actions of those whose land uses were threatened by conservation policies are reported in the colonial records, and these incidents hint at the existence of a rural moral economy, its constitution, and its defense. The chapter, then, examines the historical process of transference of natural resource control from the local customary institutions to the state, beginning with general patterns in the territory and moving on to the specific situation on Mount Meru.
Natural Resource Control and the Colonial State State forestry under German rule began slowly in , gaining momentum in with the appointment of the first full-time professional forester and the enactment of the Forest Conservation Ordinance a year later Schabel The ordinance created a system of forest reserves and established prohibitions against their use. According to Schabel, German motivations for establishing reserves were more environmental than fiscal.
Nonetheless, the Germans were interested in making the territory profitable and did seek to develop timber production for both domestic and external markets. Ultimately, however, timber would not contribute to colonial coffers, operating expenses remaining about double the revenue for the duration of German rule In fact, most of the German forestry officials' energy and finances were directed toward the exploration, demarcation, and survey of forest reserves.
A visiting forestry expert commented in that "[b]etween and this work was pushed on energetically" 2 — nearly an understatement considering that the Germans had proclaimed reserves from to Africans also had to have a game license to hunt any of the controlled species, which included common meat sources such as antelopes, buffalo, and hippo.
The only animals anyone could hunt without a license were predators such as river pigs, warthogs, porcupines, ground pigs, and monkeys. World War I took its toll on the German forest bureaucracy's meticulous record-keeping efforts in German East Africa, and British natural resource professionals thus found that few of their documents remained. Regarding the draft of the first Regulations on the Conservation of Forests, the interim director advised, "I cannot do better than to refer you to the laws in existence under the German regime.
Grant previously of the Kenya Forest Service was appointed the first conservator of forests. His primary charge upon taking office in January was the creation of a separate Forest Department based at the old German forest headquarters at Lushoto. The legal framework for administering the territory's forests was established by the Forest Ordinance, which incorporated all the previously designated German forest reserves. Gazetted forests in totaled 8, square kilometers, slightly less than I percent of the territory.
Once the new Forest Department assessed the forests in its charge, some were decommissioned, others added.
By , reserves covered 9, square kilometers, most of which were closed montane tropical forests in the highlands. The ordinance initiated a series of prohibitions for these reserves, including cutting or removing trees or forest produce, firing, squatting, grazing, and cultivating. One significant and contentious concession was the free use by Africans "of any forest produce taken by them for their own use only. The Game Preservation Ordinance of repealed the German Game Ordinance of and more or less regazetted German game reserves see table 2.
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The intention was eventually to discard and replace those that did not fit future plans for the territory and to gazette new reserves as necessary. No hunting was allowed and the governor had the power of "prohibiting, restricting, or regulating" entry, settlement, cultivation, and the cutting of vegetation. Even at this early stage of British administration a substantial amount of land was allocated for wildlife conservation see map 5. Successive game wardens were particularly keen to discourage all African settlement in the reserves. Complete and closed game reserves in colonial Tanganyika, This is a great compilation!
Except the last story, which was written by some weird bloke.
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Good stuff all around. Get to Know Us. Delivery and Returns see our delivery rates and policies thinking of returning an item? See our Returns Policy. Visit our Help Pages. Audible Download Audio Books. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Raised in the Sugarhouse area, Doug began his broadcast career while still in high school.
An avid reader, his natural curiosity and love of history propelled him toward his favorite hobbies of collecting books, coins, and historical memorabilia. Married for over 30 years to his wife D. Parking is free in the Alumni House lot , there is a charge for parking in the Union pay lots. Alma Richards, as an unsung high school student, surprisingly set an Olympic record for the high jump in the Stockholm Olympics.
He was the only native Utahan and member of the LDS church to win an Olympic gold medal in the twentieth century. The book traces Richards from his boyhood in rural Parowan, Utah, to Cornell and through his service as an officer in World War I and his teaching career in Los Angeles. His story is that of a remarkable athlete, but also that of a man struggling for personal fulfillment while endeavoring to retain his Mormon heritage amid his changing religious circumstances and participation.
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He received his B. He served as the history department chair and as an associate dean of the College of Humanities and was a founding director of the U's Humanities Center. The Men in Blue: Conversations with Umpires , Blazing Crosses in Zion: From Chamonix to Salt Lake Books provided by Weller Book Works will be available for the author to sign following the lecture. The book is of additional significance given continuing battles between the LDS Church and scholars, which frequently gains national attention because of excommunications of prominent intellectuals.
Prince was born and raised in Los Angeles, California. After graduating as valedictorian from Dixie College, he attended graduate school at the University of California, Los Angeles, receiving a D. VSI , a biotechnology company focused on the prevention and treatment of pediatric infectious diseases. In , Prince and his wife established the Madison House Autism Foundation, named after their youngest son who is autistic, for the purpose of addressing the perplexing issues facing the families of adults with autism.
In recognition of his lifetime achievements, Prince was inducted into the Dixie State College Hall of Fame in , and in was awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Humanities by the same institution. Pat is also an illustrator and author of independent political cartoons and children's books.
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In , Bagley was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize. In his presentation he will talk about the upcoming political elections as seen through his Salt Lake Tribune cartoons. He is an alumnus of the Mount Hermon School and, in , he earned a B. Morgan and LeRoy S. During MacKinnon was President of the Mormon History Association, which has also honored him with multiple awards. While uncovering the roots of Smiley's crimes, Blanding follows the clues in an effort to determine the truth and divulge the implications on dealers, libraries, collectors, and map lovers alike. Moreover, though Smiley swears he has admitted to all of the maps he stole, the libraries he victimized have uncovered more than a hundred more they accuse him of taking.
Please park in the visitor book store pay lot west of the Marriott Library Parking validations will be available. In , when Roy was working on his first book of Green River history, he learned of the French kayakers through contemporary newspaper accounts. Intrigued by mention of diaries being kept by the kayakers, he contacted a descendant of Antoine de Seynes and obtained a transcript of Antoine's diary and a copy of the original film. Roy then spent the next two decades searching for a film maker who would make a documentary of this fascinating story.
What started as a phone call in from Ian McCluskey of Northwest Documentaries in Portland, Oregon, seeking a copy of an article about the trio that Roy had written, turned into the award-winning documentary film, Les Voyageurs Sans Trace. The copy of the original film enabled the film crew to retrace and duplicate the kayaking trip of the French adventurers.
Roy ran the Green River with the filmmakers for part of their voyage. Roy Webb is the multimedia archivist for Special Collections at the J. He has been running rivers since and has authored several books including If We Had a Boat: A Brief History ; Lost Canyons of the Green River ; and numerous journal articles on the history of western rivers.
Painters of Grand Teton National Park. Commissioned to commemorate the th anniversary of the formation of the National Park Service, this coffee-table-sized tome brings to life, in two dimensions, the Grand Teton Range and Jackson Hole area. From Edward Hopper and Thomas Moran to more contemporary works by Harrison Crandall and Conrad Schwiering, it includes more than paintings, drawings and photographs of the Tetons landscape and its wildlife covering over years.
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- Imposing Wilderness by Roderick P. Neumann - Paperback - University of California Press?
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Poulton grew up in Dillon, Montana, and enjoyed a great deal of time on her grandfather's ranch there. She received her master's from Boston University's extension in Stuttgart she spent 12 years in Germany and later earned her Ph.
She has juried and curated numerous exhibitions and written widely on Utah and Western art. Poulton , a co-author of LeConte Stewart Masterworks , has written several books and articles on psychological treatment and theory. For details call or judy. Nunn, who, driven by a dynamic conscience, also became a force for social change and educational experimentation.
In , Nunn, working with Tesla and Westinghouse, pioneered the world's first commercial production of high-tension alternating current AC for long-distance transmission—something Thomas Edison deemed dangerous and irresponsible. To support this new technology, he developed an imaginative model of industrial training that became so compelling that he ultimately abandoned his entrepreneurial career to devote his wealth and talents to experimenting with a new model of liberal education.
The school remains one of the most daring, progressive, and selective institutions of higher learning in America.
Giving Voice to Writers Who Will Make the World a Better Place
Newell examines how Nunn's radical educational ideas have survived internal and external challenges for nearly a century and explores their relevance today. Jackson Newell is Professor Emeritus of Educational Leadership at the University of Utah, where he was also dean of liberal education for sixteen years. He served as president of Deep Springs College from to His previous books include Maverick Colleges, Creating Distinctiveness: Mexican cinema helped entrench tequila in the romantic vision of the cowboy culture of the strongly European Jalisco state.
The lectures in the Gould Auditorium are free and open to the public. A nationally recognized artist, Snow chose to stay in Utah where, when not teaching at the University of Utah, he roamed the southern Utah desert gaining inspiration from the red rock formations, especially the Cockscomb outside his studio near Capitol Reef National Park.
Frank McEntire , former executive director of the Utah Arts Council, is well known in Utah for his work of the past thirty years as a sculptor, curator, writer, and arts administrator. His sculptural works have been exhibited in Idaho, New Mexico, Texas, and Utah, and he has curated exhibitions for most major museums and art centers in the state. His decade of published reviews as the art critic for The Salt Lake Tribune and Salt Lake Magazine, as well as essays for other magazines and catalogs, provide insightful documentation of visual art trends in the western region.
In his book, South Pass: Nowhere can travelers cross the Rockies as easily as through this high, treeless valley in Wyoming immediately south of the Wind River Mountains.